Elimia melanoides (Conrad, 1834)

Black mudalia



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Leptoxis melanoides (Contrad, 1834)


Conservation Status




Alabama, USA


Biology & Ecology










Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Johnson, P.D., A.E. Bogan, K.M. Brown, N.M. Burkhead,J.R. Cordeiro, J.T. Garner, P.D. Hartfield, D.A.W.Lepitzki, G.L. Mackie, E. Pip, T.A. Tarpley, J.S. Tiemann,N.V. Whelan and E.S. Strong. 2013. Conservation status offreshwater gastropods of Canada and the United States.Fisheries 38: 247–282. 

Minton, R. L., Garner, J. T. and Lydeard, C. (2003). Rediscovery, systematic position, and re-description of “[i]Leptoxis[/i]” [i]melanoides[/i] (Conrad, 1834) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae) from the Black Warrior River, Alabama, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116(3): 531-541.

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.


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