Bellamya phthinotropis (Martens, 1892)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Bellamya unicolor ssp. phtinotropis Mandahl-Barth, 1954; Bellamya phtinotropis (Martens, 1892); Vivipara phthinotropis Martens, 1892


Conservation Status


Last record: 1950's

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Lake Victoria (Tanzania & Uganda)


Biology & Ecology










Brown, D. S. (1994). Freshwater Snails of Africa and their Medical Importance. Second Edition. London: Taylor & Francis.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Van Damme, D. and Lange, C. (2017). Bellamya phthinotropis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T2750A110765380. Downloaded on 28 May 2017.

Danish Bilharziasis Laboratory (DBL) 1987. A field guide to African freshwater snails. 2. East African species. Second edition. DBL, Charlottenlund, Denmark.

Mandahl-Barth, G. (1954). The freshwater mollusks of Uganda and adjacent territories. Ann. Mus. r. Congo belge 8° Zool 32: 1-206.

Sengupta, M., Kristensen, T.K., Madsen, H. and Jørgensen, A. 2009. Molecular phylogenetic investigations of the Viviparidae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda) in the lakes of the Rift Valley area of Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 797-805. [relevant citation?]


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