Haptanthus hazlettii Goldberg & C.Nelson (1989)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 8 April 1980 (Goldberg & Nelson, 1989:16)

Rediscovered in April 2010 (Shipunov & Shipunova, 2011)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Goldberg, Aaron and Nelson, Cirilo S. (1989). Haptanthus, a new dicotyledonous genus from Honduras. Systematic Botany 14: 16-19.


Other references:

Doust, A. N. and Stevens, P. F. (2005). A reinterpretation of the staminate flowers of Haptanthus. Systematic Botany 30: 779-785.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Nelson, C. S. (2001). Plantas descritas originalmente de Honduras y sus nomenclaturas equivalentes actuales. Ceiba 42: 1-71.

Oskolski, Alexei et al. (2015). Inflorescence and floral morphology of Haptanthus hazlettii (Buxaceae, Buxales). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 179(1): 190-200.

Shipunov, Alexey and Shipunova, Ekaterina. (2011). Haptanthus story: Rediscovery of enigmatic flowering plant from Honduras. American Journal of Botany 98(4): 761-763.

Takhtajan, A. L. (2009). Flowering plants. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, USA.

Vargas, Pablo. (2023). Exploring ‘endangered living fossils’ (ELFs) among monotypic genera of plants and animals of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11: 1100503.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

W.C.M.C. (1996). Threatened plant database of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. W.C.M.C., Cambridge, U.K.


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