Thamnea uniflora (L.) Sol. ex Brongn. (1826:386)

White mountainbranch



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Brunia uniflora L., Sp. Pl. 1: 199 (1753).; Schinzafra uniflora (L.) Kuntze in Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 234 (1891); Diosma uniflora (L.) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 417 (1913 publ. 1914); Brunia cupressina Linnaeus, Mantissa Plantarum Altera: 343. 1771, nom. illeg. [see (Jarvis, 2007:362)]


The binomial appears on p. 387 rather than p. 386 of (Brongniart, 1826).


Conservation Status

Extinct (Hall et al., 1980; Hilton-Taylor, 1996; Walter & Gillett, 1998:89; Humphreys et al., 2019; POWO, 2023) or taxonomically problematic (Raimondo et al., 2009)



Western Cape Province, South Africa


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Linnaeus, Carolus. (1753). Caroli Linnaei ... Species plantarum: exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas... 1: 199.


Other references:

Brongniart, Adolphe Théodore (de). (1826). Mémoire sur la famille des Bruniacées. Annales des sciences naturelles; comprenant la physiologie animale et végétale, l’anatomie comparée des deux règnes, la zoologie, la botanique, la minéralogue et la géologie. Paris. 8: 357-389.

Christenhusz, M. and Govaerts, R. (2023). Uitgestorven. Op plantenjacht rond de wereld: 1-511. Sterck & De Vreese.

Claßen-Bockhoff, Regine, Oliver, Edward G. H., Hall, Anthony V. and Quint, Marcus. (2019). A new classification of the South African endemic family Bruniaceae based on molecular and morphological data, Taxon 60(4): 1138-1155 [1146].

Eggli, U. and Taylor, N. (eds.). (1994). List of names of succulent plants other than cacti. Whitstable, Kent: Whitstable Litho. 176 pp. From Repertorium Plantarum Succulentarum (1950-1992).

Germishuizen, G. and Meyer, N. L. (eds.). (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J. C. (2000). Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A. V. (1988). Systematic palynology of the Bruniaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 96: 285-296. [see (Quint & Claßen-Bockhoff, 2006)]

Hall, A. V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S. A. M. (1980). Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hall, A. V. and Veldhuis, H. A. (1985). South African red data book: 1-160. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, Craig. (1996). Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

IPNI. (2023). Thamnea uniflora (L.) Sol. ex Brongn. International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Herbarium. [Retrieved 11 October 2023].

Jarvis, Charlie. (2007). Linnaean Plant Names and their Types (part B), pp. 343-369 [362]. In: Order out of Chaos. Linnaean Plant Types and their Types. London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum.

POWO. (2023). Thamnea uniflora (L.) Sol. ex Brongn. Plants of the World Online (online resource). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. Available at: [Accessed 11 October 2023]

Quint, Marcus and Claßen-Bockhoff, Regine. (2006). Floral ontogeny, petal diversity and nectary uniformity in Bruniaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 150(4): 459-477.

Raimondo, D. and Helme, N. A. (2007). Thamnea uniflora Sol. ex Brongn. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/10/11

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J. E., Helme, N. A., Turner, R. C., Kamundi, D. A. and Manyama, P. A. (2009). Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Sonder, W. (1894). Flora Capensis, Vol 2, page 309.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp. [p. 89]


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