Staavia trichotoma (Thunb.) Pillans (1947:175)

Woolly diamondeyes



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Phylica trichotoma Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. 2: 187 (1800).


Listed as a synonym of S. capitella by (Humphreys et al., 2019), but appears to be treated as a valid species by other authors.


Conservation Status

Missing (von Staden, 2016) or Extinct (Hall et al., 1980; POWO, 2023)

Last record: 1940 (von Staden, 2016)



Western Cape Province, South Africa


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Thunberg, Carl Peter. (1800). Prodromus Plantarum Capensium, quas in Promontorio Bonae Spei Africes, annis 1772-1775, collegit Carol. Peter. Thunberg. Upsaliae.


Other references:

Christenhusz, M. and Govaerts, R. (2023). Uitgestorven. Op plantenjacht rond de wereld: 1-511. Sterck & De Vreese.

Claßen-Bockhoff, Regine, Oliver, Edward G. H., Hall, Anthony V. and Quint, Marcus. (2011). A new classification of the South African endemic family Bruniaceae based on molecular and morphological data, Taxon 60(4): 1138-1155 [1147].

Greuter, W. (1996). Extinction in Mediterranean areas. Extinction Rates. Oxford University Press.

Hall, A. V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S. A. M. (1980). Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

IPNI. (2023). Staavia trichotoma (Thunb.) Pillans. International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Herbarium. [Retrieved 11 October 2023].

Manning, J. C. and Goldblatt, P. (2012). Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Pillans, N. S. (1947). A revision of Bruniaceae. Journal of South African Botany 13: 121-206.

POWO. (2023). Staavia trichotoma (Thunb.) Pillans. Plants of the World Online (online resource). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. Available at: [Accessed 11 October 2023]

von Staden, L. (2016). Staavia trichotoma (Thunb.) Pillans. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/10/11


<< Back to the Bruniales database