Hyridella glenelgensis (Dennant, 1898:112)
Glenelg freshwater mussel
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Unio glenelgensis Dennant, 1898:112; Protohydridella glenelgensis Dennant, 1898:112; Diplodon glenelgensis Dennant, 1898:112
Last record: late 1920's
Rediscovered in 1990
IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered
Crawford River, Victoria, Australia
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Dennant, J. (1898). Description of a new species of Unio from the River Glenelg. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 10: 112-113.
Brainwood, M., Burgin, S. and Byrne, M. 2006. Is the decline of freshwater mussel populations in a regulated coastal river in south-eastern Australia linked with human modification of habitat? Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems: 501-516.
Cotton, B. C. and Gabriel, C. J. (1932). Australian Unionidae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 44: 155-160, pl. XVI. [p. 160]
Department of Primary Industries and Water (DPIW). 2009. Environmental flow assessment for the Macquarie River catchment upstream of Lake River. Water Assessment Aquatic Ecology Report WA 09/01. Department of Primary Industries and Water, Hobart.
Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (DPIPWE). 2009. Status of fish communities and observations on South Esk freshwater mussel (Velesunio moretonicus) populations in the Macquarie River catchment upstream of Lake River. Water Assessment Aquatic Ecology Report WA 09/02.. Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart.
DSE (Department of Sustainability and Environment, East Melbourne). 2009. Advisory list of threatened invertebrate fauna of Victoria – 2009. Department of Sustainability and Environment, East Melbourne.
Graf, Daniel L. and Cummings, Kevin S. (2021). A ‘big data’ approach to global freshwater mussel diversity (Bivalvia: Unionoida), with an updated checklist of genera and species. Journal of Molluscan Studies 87(1): eyaa034.
Klunzinger, M.W., Beatty, S.J., Morgan, D.L., Thomson, G.J., Lymbery, A.J. 2012. Glochidia ecology in wild fish populations and laboratory determination of competent host fishes for an endemic freshwater mussel of south-western Australia. . Australian Journal of Zoology 60: 26-36.
McMichael, D.F. and Hiscock, I.D. 1958. A monograph of the freshwater mussels (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of the Australian region. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 9: 372-508.
New, Tim R. (2020). Macroinvertebrates of Inland Waters, pp. 161-171. Insect Conservation and Australia’s Inland Waters. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. ["one Victorian species (Hyridella glenelgensis) is likely to be extinct" (p. 169)]
Playford, T. J. (2005). Conservation Status of the Endangered Glenelg River Mussel Hyridella glenelgensis (Dennant, 1898) (Unionoida: Hyriidae). Unpublished BSc Honours Thesis. School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide.
Playford, T.J. and Walker, K.F. 2008. Status of the endangered Glenelg River Mussel Hyridella glenelgensis (Unionoida: Hyriidae) in Australia. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 18: 679-691.
Sheldon, F. and Walker, K.F. 1993. Short communication. Pipelines as a refuge for freshwater snails. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 8(3): 295-299.
Walker, K.F. 1981. Ecology of freshwater mussels in the River Murray. Australian Water Resources Council Technical Papers 63, Canberra.
Walker, Keith F., Byrne, M., Hickey, C. W. and Roper, D. S. (2001). Freshwater Mussels (Hyriidae) of Australasia, pp. 5-31. In: Bauer, G. and Wächtler, K. (eds.). Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.
Walker, Keith F., Jones, Hugh A. and Klunzinger, Michael W. (2013). Bivalves in a bottleneck: taxonomy, phylogeography and conservation of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionoida) in Australasia. Hydrobiologia 735(1): 61-79. [Abstract]
Walker, KF, Jones, H. A. & Klunzinger, M. 2014. Hyridella glenelgensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T58609631A58628791. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T58609631A58628791.en. Downloaded on 30 December 2015.