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Epioblasma turgidula (Lea, 1858)

Turgid blossom, Turgid blossom pearly mussel, Turgid riffleshell, Turgid-blossom naiad

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Dysnomia turgidula Lea, 1858

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Alabama, Arkansas & Tennessee, USA

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bogan, A. E. (Mollusc Specialist Group). (2000a). Epioblasma turgidula. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 19 July 2013.

Bogan, A.E. (Mollusc Specialist Group). 2000b. Epioblasma turgidula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2000: e.T7890A12862264. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2000.RLTS.T7890A12862264.en. Downloaded on 26 June 2021.

Bogan, Arthur E. and Parmalee, Paul W. (1983). Tennessee's Rare Wildlife. Volume II: The Mollusks. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Graf, Daniel L. and Cummings, Kevin S. (2021). A ‘big data’ approach to global freshwater mussel diversity (Bivalvia: Unionoida), with an updated checklist of genera and species. Journal of Molluscan Studies 87(1): eyaa034.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
 

Harris, J.L. and M.E. Gordon. 1987. Distribution and status of rare and endangered mussels (Mollusca: Margaritiferidae, Unionidae) in Arkansas. Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science, 41: 49-56.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
 
IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Mirarchi, R.E. 2004. Alabama Wildlife. Volume One: A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals. University of Alabama Press: Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 209 pp.

NatureServe. (2014). NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available https://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed: January 29, 2015).

Parmalee, P.W. and A.E. Bogan. 1998. The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press: Knoxville, Tennessee. 328 pp.

Pilsbry, H.A. and S.N. Rhoads. 1896. Contributions to the ecology of Tennessee no.4: Mollusks. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 48: 487-506.

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). (1985). Recovery plan for tubercled-blossom pearly mussel Epioblasma (= Dysnomia) torulosa torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820), turgid-blossom pearly mussel Epioblasma (= Dysnomia) turdigula (Lea, 1858), and yellow-blossom pearly mussel Epioblasma (= Dysnomia) florentina florentina (Lea, 1857). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia. 39 pp.

Wells, S.M., Pyle, R.M. and Collins, N.M. (compilers) 1983. The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Williams, James D., Bogan, Arthur E., Butler, Robert S., Cummings, Kevin S., Garner, Jeffrey T., Harris, John L., Johnson, Nathan A. and Watters, G. Thomas. (2017). A revised list of the freshwater mussels (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Unionida) of the United States and Canada. Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation 20: 33-58.

Williams, J.D., A.E. Bogan, and J.T. Garner. 2008. Freshwater Mussels of Alabama & the Mobile Basin in Georgia, Mississippi & Tennessee. University of Alabama Press: Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 908 pp.

https://naturalsciences.org/sites/default/files/files/documents/research-collections/Bogan_TN_Endangered_Mollusks.pdf

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/10369/epioblasma-turgidula

 

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