Epioblasma lenior (I. Lea, 1842)

Narrow catspaw, Stone's pearly mussel

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Dysnomia lenior I. Lea, 1842; Plagiola lenior I. Lea, 1842

 

Conservation Status

Last record: 1965

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Alabama & Tennessee, USA

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

3 specimens are in the Illinois Natural History Survey mollusc [url=https://www.inhs.illinois.edu/animals_plants/mollusk/]collection[/url]:

INHS 20298
INHS 20533
INHS 21111

 

Media

 

 

References

Bogan, A.E. (Mollusc Specialist Group). (2000). Epioblasma lenior. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 25 January 2015.

Bogan, Arthur E. and Parmalee, Paul W. (1983). Tennessee's Rare Wildlife. Volume II: The Mollusks. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Graf, Daniel L. and Cummings, Kevin S. (2021). A ‘big data’ approach to global freshwater mussel diversity (Bivalvia: Unionoida), with an updated checklist of genera and species. Journal of Molluscan Studies 87(1): eyaa034.

Johnson, Richard I. (1978). Systematics and Zoogeography of Plagiola (= Dysnomia = Epioblasma), an almost extinct genus of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) from middle North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 148(6): 239-320.

Mirarchi, R. E. (2004). Alabama Wildlife. Volume One: A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals. University of Alabama Press: Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 209 pp.

Ortmann, A. E. (1918). The nayades (freshwater mussels) of the Upper Tennessee drainage. With notes on synonymy and distribution. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 57: 521-626.

Parmalee, P. W. and Bogan, A. E. (1998). The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press: Knoxville, Tennessee. 328 pp.

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.

Stansbery, D. H. (1971). Rare and endangered freshwater mollusks in eastern United States. Pages 5-18 in S.E. Jorgensen, and R.W. Sharp. Proceedings of a symposium of rare and endangered mollusks (naiads) of the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior: Twin Cities, Minnesota. 79 pp.

Williams, James D., Bogan, Arthur E., Butler, Robert S., Cummings, Kevin S., Garner, Jeffrey T., Harris, John L., Johnson, Nathan A. and Watters, G. Thomas. (2017). A revised list of the freshwater mussels (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Unionida) of the United States and Canada. Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation 20: 33-58.

Williams, J. D., A. E. Bogan, and J. T Garner. (2008). Freshwater mussels of Alabama & the Mobile Basin in Georgia, Mississippi, & Tennessee. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 908 pages.

https://naturalsciences.org/sites/default/files/files/documents/research-collections/Bogan_TN_Endangered_Mollusks.pdf

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/10364/epioblasma-lenior-narrow-catspaw

 

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