Phalaenopsis javanica J.J.Sm.




Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild


Rediscovered in the 1960's, but driven to extinction in the wild by a single orchid nursery only two years later (Comber, 1990; IUCN/SSC Orchid Specialist Group, 1996)



Java & Sumatra, Indonesia


Biology & Ecology










Comber, J. (1990). Orchids of Java. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

IUCN/SSC Orchid Specialist Group. (1996). Orchids - Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

WCSP (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet;


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