Cynorkis usambarae Rolfe



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1893

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Usambara Mountains (east), Tanzania


Biology & Ecology










Hamilton, A.C. and Bensted-Smith, R. 1989. Forest conservation in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K.

IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2013. Cynorkis usambarae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T179309A1574781. Downloaded on 26 December 2015.

Newmark, W. D. 1991. Tropical forest fragmentation and the local extinction of understorey birds in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Conservation Biology 5(1): 67-78.

Rodgers, W. A. and Homewood, K. M. 1982. Species richness and endemism in the Usambara mountain forests, Tanzania. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 18: 197-242.

Summerhayes, V.S. 1968. Orchidaceae part 1. Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crown Agents, London.


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