Crinum woodrowii Baker ex W.Watson (1897:324)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last (and only) record: May 1899 [error for 1889?, as this post-dates the scientific description] (Punekar et al., 2004:1050)

Rediscovered on 9 June 2001 (Punekar et al., 2004:1050)



Maharashtra, India


Biology & Ecology




Lectotype and epitype designated by (Lekhak et al., 2015:106).






Original scientific description:



Other references:

Ahmedullah, M. and Nayar, M.P. (1986). Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol. 1. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Bachulkar, M. P. (1993). Endangered endemic taxa of Satara District, Maharashtra. Rayat Res. J. 1: 114.

Baker, J. G. (1898). In Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 124, Tab. 7597.

Chopra, R. N., Badhwar, R. L. and Ghosh, S. (1965). Poisonous Plants of India, Vol. 2. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

Cooke, T. (1908). The Flora of Presidency of Bombay, London, 1908, vol. 2. p. 750 (Govt. of India, Repr. 1967, vol. 3, p. 257).

Deshpande, S., Sharma, B. D. and Nayar, M.P. (1993). Flora of Mahabaleshwar and Adjoinings, Maharashtra, Vol. 2. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. [p. 591]

Gaikwad, S. P. and Yadav, S. R. (2004). Endemic flowering plant species of Maharashtra and their possible utilization. In: Biodiversity of India, Vol. 3, ed. T. Pullaiah, p. 50. Regency Publications, New Delhi.

Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Hooker, J. D. (1892). The Flora of British India, Vol. 6. L. Reeve & Co., London.

Jagtap, Sanjay. (2015). Molecular Phylogeny of Critically Endangered Crinum woodrowii Baker (Amaryllidaceae) from Bhimashankar, District Pune, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research 4(3): 104-106.

Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae, Flora of India Series 4. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. 435 pp.

Lakshminarasimhan, P. (1996). Monocotyledons [p. 97]. In: Flora of Maharashtra State, ed. B.D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N.P. Singh. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Lekhak, M. M., Patil, V. S. and Yadav, S. R. (2015). Typifications and synonyms in Crinum (Amaryllidaceae) from India. Webbia 70(1): 103-107.

Lekhak, M. M. and Yadav, S. R. (2011). Karyotype studies in two critically endangered and endemic Crinum species (Amaryllidaceae) from Northern Western Ghats of India. Nucleus 54(1): 25-30.

Mishra, D. K. and Singh, N. P. (2001). Endemic and Threatened Flowering Plants of Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. [pp. 221-222]

Pethe, J. and Tillu. (2013). A range extension for critically endangered plant Crinum woodrowii Baker. J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc. 110(2): 169-170.

Punekar, S. A., Datar, M. N. and Lakshminarasimhan, P. (2001). J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 25: 629-630.

Punekar, Sachin A., Kavade, Shrinath P., Datar, Mandar N., Lakshminarasimhan, P. and Rao, P. S. N. (2004). Crinum woodrowii Baker (Amaryllidaceae), hitherto assumed to be extinct, rediscovered after a century from Mahabaleshwar, India. Current Science 87(8): 1049-1051.

Punekar, Sachin A., Limaye, R. and Kumaran, K. P. N. (2005-2006). Morphotaxonomy and palynology of two endemic species of Crinum L. (Amaryllidaceae) from Western Ghats of India. Herberetia 60: 92-104.

Singh, R. and Garg, A. (2014). Discovery of the critically endangered bulbous herb Crinum woodrowii (Amaryllidaceae) and its neotypification. Taprobanica 7(2): 68-71.

Singh, N. P. and Sundaraghavan, R. S. (1986). Materials for plant conservation in Western India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8: 35.

Stafleu, F. A. and Cowan, R. S. (1976). Taxonomic literature, ed. 2: a selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types: Volume I: A-G. Regnum Veg. 94: 104-106.

Sundaraghavan, R. S. and Singh, N. P. (1983). Endemic and threatened flowering plants of Western India. In: Plant Conservation Bulletin, Vol. 3, ed. S.K. Jain & A.R.K. Sastry, p.10. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Sundaraghavan, R. S. and Singh, N. P. (1984). An inventory of endemic and vulnerable species of Western India deserving conservation. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5: 163.

Yadav, S. R. (1997). Endemic plants of Peninsular India with special reference to Maharashtra. In: Proceedings, VII IAAT Annual Meet and National Conference, ed. D.S. Pokle, S.P. Kanir & V.N. Naik, pp. 31-51. Aurangabad, Maharashtra.


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