Caladenia brachyscapa G. W. Carr, 1988:439

Short spider-orchid



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Arachnorchis brachyscapa (G.W.Carr) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., 2001:393


Conservation Status

Last record: 7 November 1979 (Tasmania)

Rediscovered in 2009 (Silcock et al., 2019:SM:16)



lungtalanana (=Clarke Island), Furneaux Group, Bass Strait, Tasmania & Warrnambool area, Victoria, Australia


Biology & Ecology









Original scientific description:

Carr, G. W. (1991). New species of Caladenia R.Br. (Orchidaceae) from Victoria and New South Wales, Australia. Muelleria 6(6): 439-447.


Other references:

DEECA [Department of Energy, Environment and Climate Action]. (2023). Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 Threatened List: June 2023. Published report by The State of Victoria Department of Energy, Environment and Climate Action, Melbourne, Victoria.

Entwisle, T. J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N. G. and Entwisle, T. J. (eds.). Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Melbourne: Inkata Press.

Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990). Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series 11: 1-650.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Jones, D. L. (1998). A taxonomic review of Caladenia in Tasmania. Australian Orchid Research 3: 16-60.

Jones, D. (2006). A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia including the Island Territories. New Holland Publishers (Australia), Sydney.

Jones, D. L., Clements, M. A., Sharma, I. K. and Mackenzie, A. M. (2001). A new classification of Caladenia R.Br. (Orchidaceae). The Orchadian 13(9): 389-419.

Jones, D., Wapstra, H., Tonelli, P. and Harris, S. (1999). The Orchids of Tasmania. Carlton South, Victoria: Melbourne University Press.

Natural and Cultural Heritage Division. (2014). lungtalanana (Clarke Island), Natural Values Survey 2014. Hamish Saunders Memorial Trust, New Zealand and Natural and Cultural Heritage Division, DPIPWE, Hobart. Nature Conservation Report Series 15/2.

Silcock, Jen L., Field, Ashley R., Walsh, Neville G. and Fensham, Roderick J. (2019). To name those lost: assessing extinction likelihood in the Australian vascular flora. Oryx 54(2): 167-177. [Supplementary Material]

Threatened Species Section. (2010). Listing Statement for Caladenia brachyscapa (short spider-orchid). Department of Primary Industries. Parks, Water and Environment, Tasmania.

Threatened Species Section (2015). Caladenia brachyscapa (short spider-orchid): Species Management Profile for Tasmania's Threatened Species Link. Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Tasmania. Accessed on 24/10/2015.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

Wapstra, M., Duncan, F., Buchanan, A. and Schahinger, R. (2006). Finding a botanical Lazarus: tales of Tasmanian plant species risen from the dead’. The Tasmanian Naturalist 128: 61-85.

Wapstra, M., Roberts, N., Wapstra, H. and Wapstra, A. (2008). Flowering Times of Tasmanian Orchids: A Practical Guide for Field Botanists. Self-published by the authors (April 2008 version).

Wapstra, H., Wapstra, A., Wapstra, M. and Gilfedder, L. (2005). The Little Book of Common Names for Tasmanian Plants. Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Hobart.


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