Allium calamarophilon Phitos & Tzanoud. (1981:11)

wild garlic of Evia



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Missing (Pasta et al., 2017)

Last record: 1981 (wild) (Montmollin & Strahm, 2005a:60-61, 2006:60-61; Iatroú, 2006b; Pasta et al., 2017); 2000 (cultivation) (Pasta et al., 2017)

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient


The habitat is reported to be inaccessible limestone cliffs and it is implied that it has not been visited again (Pasta et al., 2017), but the population was reported as tiny ("comprising just a few individuals") and there were plans to build a road in close proximity to the only known population (Ibid.). Consequently, "[f]ield investigations are urgently needed to assess if this species still occurs in the wild and if there are any other populations elsewhere" (Ibid.).



Euboea (=Evia), East Aegean Islands, Greece


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Phitos, D. and Tzanoudakis, D. (1981). A new species of Allium from Euboea (Greece). Bot. Chron. 1: 11-13.


Other references:

Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, Th., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. and Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. Berlin: Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem; Athens: Hellenic Botanical Society. [Englera 31].

Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

Iatroú, G. (2006a). Allium calamarophilon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61598A12507566. Downloaded on 16 November 2016.

Iatroú, G. (2006b). Allium calamarophilon (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61598A102995558. Accessed on 18 January 2024.

Montmollin, Bertrand de and Strahm, Wendy (eds.). (2005a). The Top 50 Mediterranean Island Plants: Wild plants at the brink of extinction, and what is needed to save them. IUCN/SSC Mediterranean Islands Plant Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN. x + 110 pp.

Montmollin, Bertrand de and Strahm, Wendy. (eds). (2005b). Le ‘Top 50’ des plantes menacées des îles méditerranéennes : comment les sauver de l’extinction. Groupe de spécialistes des plantes des îles méditerranéennes (CSE/UICN). UICN, Gland, Suisse et Cambridge, Royaume-Uni. x + 110 pp.

Montmollin, Betrand de y Strahm, Wendy (eds.). (2007a). La lista Top 50 de especies vegetales amenazadas de las islas del Mediterráneo: 50 especies silvestres al borde de la extinción, y las acciones para salvarlas. Grupo Especialista de la UICN/CSE en Plantas de las Islas Mediterráneas, UICN, Gland, Suiza. x + 110 pp.

Montmollin, Bertrand de and Strahm, Wendy (eds.). (2007b). Τα 50 Κορυφαία (TOP 50) Φυτά των Νησιών της Μεσογείου: Άγρια φυτά στο χείλος της εξαφάνισης - τι χρειάζεται να γίνει για να σωθούν. IUCN/SSC Mediterranean Islands Plant Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. x + 110 pp.

Pasta, Salvatore, Perez-Graber, A., Fazan, L. and Montmollin, B. de (eds). (2017). The Top 50 Mediterranean Island Plants UPDATE 2017. IUCN/SSC/Mediterranean Plant Specialist Group. Neuchâtel (Switzerland). E-book and on line. 141 pp.

Phitos, D., Strid, A., Snogerup, S. and Greuter, W. (eds). (1995). The Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. WWF-Greece, Athens.

Trigas, P. and Iatroú, G. (2006). The local endemic flora of Evvia (W Aegean, Greece). Willdenowia, 36 (Special Issue): 257-270.


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