Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier, 1823:350

Cuvier's beaked whale, Goose-beaked whale, Goosebeak whale, Cuvier's whale



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: ?

Rediscovered in 1872



Worldwide (mainly tropical)

Type locality: "between Fos and the mouth of the Galègeon, Bouches-du-Rhône, France" (Bannister, 1988:197)


Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: gregarious, oceanic, pelagic, predator; diet includes cephalopods and deep water fish."

(Bannister, 1988:197)



Holotype: MNHP (fossilised skull) (Herschkovitz, 1966)






Original scientific description:

Cuvier, G. L. C. F. D. (1823). Recherches sur les Ossements Fossiles ou l'on tablit les caractères de plusieurs animaux dont les Révolutions du Globe ont détruit les espèces. Nouv. édn Paris: G. Dufour & E. D'Ocagne Tom. 5 Pt 1.


Other references:

Aitken, P. F. (1971). Whales from the coast of South Australia. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 95: 95-103.

Baird, R. W., Brownell Jr., R. L. and Taylor, B. L. (2020). Ziphius cavirostris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T23211A50379111. Accessed on 27 August 2022.

Bannister, J. L. (1988). Ziphiidae, pp. 193-197. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. x + 273 pp. [p. 197]

Best, P. B. (2007). Whales and Dolphins of the Southern African Subregion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bryden, M. M. (1978). Whales and whaling in Queensland waters. Proc. R. Soc. Qd. 89: v-xviii.

A. Cañadas, J.A. Vázquez. (2014). Conserving Cuvier's beaked whales in the Alboran Sea (SW Mediterranean): identification of high density areas to be avoided by intense man-made sound. Biol. Conserv. 178: 155-162.

Constant, P. (2007) Marine Life of the Galapagos. The Diver's guide to Fishes, Whales, Dolphins and marine Invertebrates. 307 pp.

Gaskin, D. E. (1972). Whales, Dolphins and Seals, with Special Reference to the New Zealand Region. London: Heinemann. 200 pp.

Guiler, E. R. (1978). Whale strandings in Tasmania since 1945 with notes on some seal reports. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm. 112: 189-213.

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus. 246: viii + 259 pp.

Heyning, J. E. (1989). Cuvier's beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823, pp. 289-308. In: Ridgway, S. H. and Harrison, R. (eds.). Handbook of Marine Mammals, vol. 4: River Dolphins and the Larger Toothed Whales. London: Academic Press.

Jackson, Stephen and Groves, Colin. (2015). Taxonomy of Australian Mammals. Clayton South, Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. 529 pp. [p. 350-351]

Jiménez-Uzcátegui, Gustavo and Snell, Howard L. (2014). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Mammals - FCD Lista de especies de Mamíferos Galápagos. In: Bungartz, F., Herrera, H., Jaramillo, P., Tirado, N., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Ruiz, D., Guézou, A. & Ziemmeck, F. (eds.). Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist - Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos: Last updated: 24 Jan 2014

Johnson, M., Marsden, P., Zimmer, W., de Soto, N. and Tyack, P. (2004). Beaked whales echolocate on prey. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, Biol. Sci. 271: 383-386.

Leatherwood, S. and Reeves, R. R. (1983). The Sierra Club Handbook of Whales and Dolphins. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. xviii + 302 pp.

López-Martínez, Sergio et al. (2023). Plastic ingestion by two cetacean groups: Ziphiidae and Delphinidae. Environmental Pollution 333: 121932.

Merlen, G. (1995) A field guide to the marine mammals of Galapagos. Charles Darwin Foundation.

Palacios, D.M., Salazar, S. (2002) Cetaceos. In: Danulat, E. & G.J. Edgar (eds.): Reserva marina de Galápagos. Línea base de la biodiversidad. Fundación Charles Darwin/Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador. p. 291-302.

Palacios, D.M., Salazar, S.K. & Day, D. (2004) Cetacean remains and strandings in the Galapagos Islands, 1923-2003. Lajam 3(2): 127-150.

Schorr, G. S., Falcone, E. A., Moretti, D. J. and Andrews, R. D. (2014). First long-term behavioral records from Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris) reveal record-breaking dives. PLoS ONE 9: e92633.

Turner, W. (1872). On the occurrence of Ziphius cavirostris in the Shetland Seas, and a comparison of its skull with that of Sowerby's whale (Mesoplodon Sowerbyi). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 26(4): 759-780.

Warneke, R. M. (1983). Whale stranding - accident or design. Aust. Nat. Hist. 21: 43-47.

Warneke, R. M. and Kemper, C. M. (2023). Cuvier's Beaked Whale, Ziphius cavirostris, pp. 793-794. In: Baker, Andrew M. and Gynther, Ian C. (eds.). Strahan’s Mammals of Australia (4th ed.). Wahroonga, NSW: Reed New Holland Publishers. 848 pp.

Watson, L. (1981). Sea Guide to Whales of the World. London: Hutchinson, 302 pp.


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