Spirocerus kiakhtensis Boule & Teilhard, 1928

Screw-horned antelope



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Baikal Region, Russia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Boule, N., Breuil, H., Licent, E., and Teilhard de Chardin, P., Arch. Inst. Pal. Humaine (Paris), 1928, vol. 4, pp. 1-102. [correct reference?]


Other references:

Dong, Wei, Xu, Qinqi, Jin, Changzhu and Liu, Jinyi. (1999). Quaternary herbivore fauna in northeastern China: Evolution under climatic change. Chinese Science Bulletin 44(Suppl.): 129-132.

Dong W., Fu R., Feng X., Zhang S. 2009 Late Pleistocene mammalian fauna from the Mashandong, Chaoyang, Liaoning Province. ACTA Anthropologica sinica 1, 011.

Dong, Wei and Zhang, Yingqi. (2022). Biochronologic sequences of the Pleistocene mammalian faunas in China and correlations with numeric dating. Quaternary Sciences 42(5): 1227-1246.

Gromov V. I., 1946: Screw-horned antelope Spirocerus kiakhtensis M Pawl from Transbaikalia. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytateley Prirody, Otdel Geologicheskiy 51(21): 5-11.

Junjie Y.X.M.Q.Y., Zhongming G. 1999 Liu Guanbang (Department of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093); Pieces of pottery from Late Pleistocene Salawusu formation in Qingyang district, Gansu province [J]. Geological Journal of China Universities 1.

Kalmykov, N. P. et al. (2014). Validity of the spiral-horned antelope species of the genus Spirocerus (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) in Central Asia. Doklady Biological Sciences 457(1): 233-235. [Abstract]

Khenzykhenova F.I. 2008 Paleoenvironments of Palaeolithic humans in the Baikal region. Quaternary International 179(1), 53-57.

Min L., Zhu G., Guan Y. 2009 An analysis of the basic characteristics of the Upper Pleistocene Salawusuan Stage in the Salawusu River Valley, Inner Mongolia. Geology in China 6, 004.

Sato T., Khenzykhenova F. 2010 Mammoth fauna of Baikal Siberia: Results of contemporary archaeological studies. In Quaternary stratigraphy and paleontology of the Southern Russia: connections between Europe, Africa and Asia (p. 134.

Shchetnikov, A. A. et al. (2015). Large mammals from the Upper Neopleistocene reference sections in the Tunka rift valley, southwestern Baikal Region. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation 23(2): 214-236. [Abstract]

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Sokolov, I. I. (1959). On the postcranial skeleton and the outward appearance of Spirocerus kiakhtensis M. Pavlova. Vertebrata PalAsiatica = Gujizhui Dongwu Xuebao 3(1): 23-33

Wei D., Qinqi X., Changzhu J., Jinyi L. 2010 The Quaternary herbivore faunas in North-east China, evolution under climate change. Chinese Science Bulletin, 129-132.


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