Rucervus schomburgki Blyth, 1863:155

Schomburgk's deer



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Cervus schomburgki Blyth, 1863:155; Cervus duvaucelii schomburgki Blyth, 1863:155; Thaocervus schomburgki Blyth, 1863: 155.

Pocock (1943) placed this species in its own genus: Thaocervus. However, this has not been followed by subsequent authors.


Conservation Status


Last record (wild): 1932 (Goodwin & Goodwin 1973) (wild)

Last record (captivity): 1938 (Duckworth et al., 2015a,b)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


The last wild individuals died in 1932, while the last captive individual survived until 1938 (Duckworth et al., 2008).





Although Schomburgk's deer has been stated by various authors as inhabiting the countries surrounding Thailand (e.g. China: Bentham, 1908; Sclater, 1891), none of these occurrences has been corroborated by independent witnesses and the species is best considered as endemic to Thailand (Duckworth, 2015b).


Biology & Ecology




Apparently hundreds of antlers and skulls of this species exist, taken as trophies by hunters. Ward (1892:19) lists six sets of antlers in various collections.




Historical photos

Above: photo from the 1899 Berlin Zoo (Zoologischer Garten Berlin) Guidebook. Source:


Above: Berlin Zoo (Zoologischer Garten Berlin), c.1904


Above: Berlin Zoo (Zoologischer Garten Berlin), c.1908


Above: Berlin Zoo (Zoologischer Garten Berlin). Photo by Lothar Schlawe in 1911. Source: Wikimedia Commons.


Above: photographer and date unknown. Published in สาระนาค (2007). Source:



สาระนาค, ธนพล. (2007). ความฝันที่เป็นจริง ของคุณหมอบุญส่ง. Publisher?

von Arentschildt, C. (1941). Another note on the Schomburgk-deer (Cervua (Rucervus) schomburgki (Blyth), By IT. Guehler After several notes about the Schomburgk-deer had been published in this Journal in former years, the first comprehensive. Natural history bulletin 13: 43.

Bazyan, Saloume. (2013). Sexual selection and extinction in deer. Master of Science. Uppsala University. 62 pp.

Bentham, T. 1908. An illustrated catalogue of the Asiatic horns and antlers in the catalogue of the Indian Museum. Indian Museum, Calcutta, India.

Blanford, W.T. 1891. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, Mammalia. Part II. Taylor and Francis, London, UK.

Boenigk, G. and Pucka, G. (1976). Starkes Geweih eines Schomburgk-Hirsches (Cervus schomburgki) im Niedersächsischen Landesmuseum. Z. Säugetierkunde 41: 366-369.

Brooke, Victor. (1876). On Cervus schomburgki (Blyth.). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 44: 304-308. [Abstract]

Corbet, G.B. and Hill, J.E. 1992. Mammals of the Indo-Malayan Region: a Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals. London: Ebury Press.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Duckworth, J.W., Robichaud, W.G. and Timmins, R.J. (2015a). Rucervus schomburgki. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. ( Downloaded on 25 June 2015.

Duckworth, J.W., Robichaud, W. & Timmins, R. (2015b). Rucervus schomburgki. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T4288A79818502. Downloaded on 23 June 2021.

Duckworth, J. W., Salter, R. E. and Khounboline, K. (1999). Wildlife in Lao DPR: 1999 status report. IUCN, Vientiane.

Flower, S. S. (1900). On the Mammalia of Siam and the Malay Peninsula. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900: 306-379.

Fuller, Errol. (2013). Lost Animals: Extinction and the Photographic Record. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Geist, V. (1998). Deer of the World: Their Evolution, Behaviour, and Ecology. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books publication. [pp. 119-121]

Giles, F. H. (1937). The riddle of Cervus schomburgki. Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement: 1-34.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Grote, A. (2012, August). November 6th, 1877. In Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 679-754). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Groves, Colin P. (1982). Geographic variation in the Barasingha or Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 79: 620-629.

Groves, Colin P. and Grubb, P. (1987). Relationships of Living Deer. In: Wemmer, C. M. (ed.). Biology and Management of the Cervidae, pp. 1-59. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Grubb, P. 2005. Artiodactyla. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), pp. 637-722. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Haltenorth, T. 1963. Klassifikation der Säugetiere: Artiodactyla I. Handbuch der Zoologie 8(32): 1-167.

Harper, F. (1945). Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Old World. American Committee for International Wild Life Preservation, New York, USA.

Jaczewski, Z., & Oswald, C. (1985). Einige Bemerkungen über die Internationalen Formeln zur Vermessung und Bewertung von Sumpfhirsch (Blastocerus dichotomus [Illiger], 1815) und Schomburgkhirsch (Cervus schomburgki Blyth, 1863). Zeitschrift für Jagdwissenschaft 31(3): 175-184. [Abstract]

Kemp, P. (1918). Some notes on Cervus schomburgki. J. Nat. Hist. Siam 3: 1–9.

Lekagul, B. and McNeely, J.A. 1977. Mammals of Thailand. Association for the Conservation of Wildlife, Bangkok, Thailand.

Lekagul, B. and McNeely, J.A. 1988. Mammals of Thailand. Association for the Conservation of Wildlife, Bangkok, Thailand.

Lydekker, Richard. (1915). Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. IV. Artiodactyla. London: British Museum. [p. 97]

MacPhee, R. D. E. and Flemming, C. (1999). Requiem Aeternam. The last five hundred years of mammalian extinctions. In: R.D.E. MacPhee (ed.), Extinctions in Near Time, pp. 333-371. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA.

Meijaard, E. and Groves, Colin P. (2004). Morphometrical relationships between South-east Asian deer (Cervidae, tribe Cervini): evolutionary and biogeographic implications. J. Zool., Lond. 263: 179-196.

Mohr, E. (1968). Haltung und Zucht des Schomburgk-Hirsches, Rucervus schomburgki Blyth, 1863. D. Zool. Garten (NF) 36: 34-57.

Naphitaphat, C. (1989). Schomburgk's deer (Cervus schomburgki Blyth). Witthayasart lae Technology 4(3): 39-49.

Pitra, C., Fickel, J., Meijaard, E. and Groves, Colin P. (2004). Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 880-895.

Pocock, R. (1943). The larger deer of British India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 43: 553-572.

Schroering, G. B. (1995). Swamp deer resurfaces. Wildlife Conservation 98(6): 22.

Schroering, G. B. and Galbreath, Gary J. (2019). Evidence of Late Survival of Schomburgk's Deer Rucervus schomburgki in Central Laos. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 116: 49-50.

Sclater, W. L. (1891). Catalogue of Mammalia preserved in the Indian Museum Calcutta. Cosmo Publications.

Srikosamatara, S., Siripholdej, B. and Suteethorn, V. 1992. Wildlife trade in Lao P. D. R. and between Lao P. D. R. and Thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 40: 1-47.

Walden, V. (2012, August). November 5, 1872. In Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 789-860). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Ward, Rowland. (1892). Horn measurements and weights of the great game of the world: being a record for the use of sportsmen and naturalists. London: The Jungle, 264 pp.

Williams, L. (1941). Green Prison. Herbert Jenkins, London, UK.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (2005). Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


<< Back to the Cetartiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates) database