Platygonus compressus Leconte, 1848

Flat-headed peccary



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Platigonus compressus Leconte, 1848 (orthological variant); Platygonus alemanii (author?, year?)


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



North America


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Leconte, J. L. (1848). [description of Platygonus compressus]. American Journal of Science and Arts, second series V: 102-106.


Other references:

Beebe, B. F. (1980). Pleistocene peccary, Platygonus compressus, Le Conte, from Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 17(9): 1204-1209.

Bradham, Jennifer L., Desantis, Larisa R. G., Jorge, Maria Luisa S. P. and Keurighlian, Alexine. (2018). Dietary variability of extinct tayassuids and modern white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari) as inferred from dental microwear and stable isotope analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. [Abstract]

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor Manuel and Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo. (2018). Advances on the Paleobiology of Late Pleistocene mammals from central and southern Mexico, pp. 277-313. In: Huard, Gaeten and Gareau, Jeannine (eds.). The Pleistocene: Geography, Geology, and Fauna. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Faunmap working group. 1994 FAUNMAP: a database documenting late Quaternary distributions of mammal species in the United States. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers 25(1-2), 1-690.

Ferrusquía-Villafranca I., Arroyo-Cabrales J., Martínez-Hernández E., Gama-Castro J., Ruiz-González J., Polaco O.J., Johnson E. 2010 Pleistocene mammals of Mexico: A critical review of regional chronofaunas, climate change response and biogeographic provinciality. Quaternary International 217(1–2), 53-104.

Gillespie W.B. 1985. Holocene climate and environment of Chaco Canyon. Pages 13-45, in: F. J. Mathien, editor. Environment and subsistence of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Publications in Archeology 18E, Chaco Canyon Studies. National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Harris, A. H. (with sections by W. J. Koster and D. M. Niles). 1963. Ecological distribution of some vertebrates in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico Press, Papers in Anthropology 8:1-64.

Hay, O. P. 1923. The Pleistocene of North America and its vertebrated animals from the states east of the Mississippi River and from the Canadian provinces east of longitude 95[D]. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 32: 1-532.

Hibbard, Claude W. and Taylor, Dwight W. (1960). Two late Pleistocene faunas from southwestern Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan 16(1): 1-223 pp., 16 pls., 18 figs.

Hoare, Richard D. (1964). Radiocarbon date on Pleistocene peccary find in Sandusky County, Ohio. Ohio Jour. Sci. 64(6): 427.

Hoare, Richard D., Coash, J. R., Innis, Charles and Hole, Thornton J. F. (1964). Pleistocene Peccary Platygonus compressus Leconte from Sandusky County, Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science 64(3): 207-214.

Kurtén, B., and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America. Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 442 pp.

Matthew, W. D. (1902). List of the Pleistocene fauna from Hay Springs, Nebraska. Bulletin of the AMNH 16: 317-322.

Martin, Robert A. and S. David Webb (1974) Late Pleistocene Mammals from the Devil's Den Fauna, Levy County. In Pleistocene Mammals of Florida, edited by S. David Webb, pp. 114-145 University Press of Florida.

Milligan, Mark and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2017). Shorelines and vertebrate fauna of Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, Utah, Idaho, and Nevada. Geology of the Intermountain West 4: 181-214.

Morgan, G. S., and S. G. Lucas. 2005. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas in New Mexico from alluvial, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits. Pp. 185-248, in New Mexico's Ice Ages (Lucas, S. G., G. S. Morgan, and K. E. Zeigler, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 28:1-280.

Murray, Lyndon K., Christopher J. Bell, M. Timothy Dolan, and Jim I. Mead. 2005. Late Pleistocene fauna from the southern Colorado Plateau, Navajo County, Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 50(3):363-374.

Nye, A. S. (2007). Pleistocene Peccaries from Guy Wilson Cave, Sullivan County, Tennessee. Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2115.

Perry, Tahlia, van Loenen, Ayla L., Heiniger, Holly, Lee, Carol, Gongora, Jaime, Cooper, Alan and Mitchell, Kieren J. (In Press, 2017). Ancient DNA analysis of the extinct North American flat-headed peccary (Platygonus compressus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. [Abstract]

Prothero, Donald R. (2021). The systematics of North American peccaries (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Tayassuidae), pp. 1-76. In: In: Lucas, Spences G. and Sullivan, Robert M. (eds). New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science Bulletin 85. Alburquerque, New Mexico.

Russell D.A., Rich F.J., Schneider V., Lynch-Stieglitz J. 2009 A warm thermal enclave in the Late Pleistocene of the South-eastern United States. Biological Reviews 84(2), 173-202.

Schubert, Blaine W. (1999). A terminal Pleistocene amphibian, reptile, and mammalian fauna, Little Beaver Cave, Missouri, U.S.A. Abstracts from the 6th CAVEPS, Perth, 7-11 July, 1997. In: Baynes, Alexander and Long, John A. (eds.). Papers in vertebrate palaeontology. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 57: 416.

Schultz, J. R. 1937. A Late Quaternary mammal fauna from the tar seeps of McKittrick, California. Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, 202 pp + 2 plates.

Short, Rachel A., Emmert, Laura G., Famoso, Nicholas A., Martin, Jeff M., Mead, Jim I., Swift, Sandy L. and Baez, Arturo. (2021). Paleobiology of a large mammal community from the late Pleistocene of Sonora, Mexico. Quaternary Research. DOI: [Abstract]

Skinner, M. F. 1942. The fauna of Papago Springs Cave, Arizona, with a study of Stockoceros. American Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 80:143-220.

Slaughter, B. H. (1966). Platygonus compressus and Associated Fauna from the Laubach Cave of Texas. American Midland Naturalist 75(2): 475-494.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Springer, K., E. Scott, C. Sagebiel, and L. K. Murray. 2009. The Diamond Valley Lake local fauna: Late Pleistocene vertebrates from inland southern California. Pp. 217-235, in Papers on geology, vertebrate paleontology, and biostratigraphy in honor of Michael O. Woodburne (L. G. Albright, III, ed.). Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 65, Flagstaff, Arizona.

Stock, C., and J. M. Harris. 1992. Rancho la Brea: A record of Pleistocene life in California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series no. 37, 7th ed.:i-xiv + 1-113.

Wagner, George. (1903). Observations of Platygonus compressus Le Conte. The Journal of Geology 11(8): 777-782.

Wilson, Kurt M. (2017). Late Pleistocene extinction of the flat-headed peccary on the Ozark Plateau: Paleozoological insights from Peccary Cave, Arkansas. Thesis. [Abstract]

Wilson, Kurt M. and Hill, Matthew G. (2020). Synthesis and assessment of the flat-headed peccary record in North America. Quaternary Science Reviews 248: 106601. [Abstract]

Wilson, Richard Leland. (1967). The Pleistocene vertebrates of Michigan. Papers of the Michigan  Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 52: 197-234.

Woodruff, A. L. and Schubert, B. W. (2019). Seasonal denning behavior and population dynamics of the late Pleistocene peccary [i]Platygonus compressus[/i] (Artiodactyla: Tayassuidae) from Bat Cave, Missouri. PeerJ 7:e7161.


<< Back to the Cetartiodactyla (Even-Toed Ungulates) database