Palaeolama mirifica Simpson, 1929



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Tanupolama mirifica Simpson, 1929


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Simpson, George Gaylord. (1929). Pleistocene mammalian fauna of the Seminole Field, Pinellas County, Florida. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 56(8): 561-599.


Other references:

Baghai-Riding, Nina L., Husley, Danielle B., Beck, Christine and Blackwell, Eric. (2017). Late Pleistocene megafauna from Mississippi alluvium plain gravel bars. Paludicola 11(3): 124-147. [automatic download: 1.28MB]

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor M. and Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo. (2015). First reported occurrence of Palaeolama mirifica (Camelidae, Lamini) from the Late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) of Puebla, central Mexico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 67(1): 13-20.

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor Manuel and Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo. (2018). Advances on the Paleobiology of Late Pleistocene mammals from central and southern Mexico, pp. 277-313. In: Huard, Gaeten and Gareau, Jeannine (eds.). The Pleistocene: Geography, Geology, and Fauna. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1959). The Pleistocene avifauna of Arredondo, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 4(9): 269-291.

Churcher, C. S. (2019). Pleistocene Mammals From Extinction Cave, Belize. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. doi: [Abstract]

Faunmap working group. 1994 FAUNMAP: a database documenting late Quaternary distributions of mammal species in the United States. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers 25(1-2), 1-690.

Hulbert, R. C. and Pratt, A. E. (1998). Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) vertebrate faunas from coastal Georgia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18(2): 412-429.

Sanders, T. A. (1994). Pleistocene and Holocene Remains from the Red River, Southwest Arkansas. Proc. Arkansas Acad. Sci. 48: 163-167.

Short, Rachel A., Emmert, Laura G., Famoso, Nicholas A., Martin, Jeff M., Mead, Jim I., Swift, Sandy L. and Baez, Arturo. (2021). Paleobiology of a large mammal community from the late Pleistocene of Sonora, Mexico. Quaternary Research. DOI: [Abstract]

Slaughter, B. H. (1966). The Moore Pit local fauna; Pleistocene of Texas. Journal of Paleontology 40(1): 78-91.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Webb, S. D. (1974). Pleistocene llamas of Florida, with a brief review of the Lamini. In S. D. Webb (ed.), Pleistocene Mammals of Florida [1974]: 170-213.

Weems, Robert E. et al. (2021). A vertebrate ichnofauna from the Late Pleistocene (Sangamon Interglacial) Tabb Formation at Stratford Hall Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia USA. In: Lucas, S. G., Hunt, A. P. & Lichtig, A. J., 2021, Fossil Record 7. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 82: 505-512.


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