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Oryx dammah (Cretzschmar, 1826)

Scimitar-horned oryx, Sahara oryx

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

IUCN status: Extinct in the Wild

 

Distribution

North Africa

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Aissa, Saidi et al. (2020). Cross-sectional study of Eimeria spp. infection in three antelope species (Addax nasomaculatus, Gazella dorcas and Oryx dammah) maintained in the Souss-Massa National Park (Morocco).  Nature COnservation Research 5(2): 77-82. [Abstract]

Bassett, T. H. (1975). Oryx and Addax in Chad. Oryx 13(1): 50-51.

Bedeuls RC, Devillers P, Lafontaine R-M, Devillers-Terschuren J & Beudels M-O (Editors) (2006): Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and Perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd edition. CMS Technical Series Publication No. 11, UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn.

BERTRAM, B. 1988. Reintroducing Scimitar-horned Oryx into Tunisia. In: Conservation and biology of desert antelopes, (eds) A. Dixon and D. Jones, Ch. 14. Christopher Helm, London, UK.

Beyouli, Houssem chedli Traouit and Neffati, Mohamed. (In Press, 2016). Vegetative habitat selection of Scimitar horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) in Bouhedma National Park, Southern Tunisia. Journal of King Saud University - Science. doi:10.1016/j.jksus.2016.04.003. [Abstract]

Bonacina, Eleonora et al. (In Press, 2020). Deslorelin subcutaneous implants in Oryx dammah males for reproductive control. Theriogenology. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.03.018 [Abstract]

Caron, Sébastien. (2005). Technical note: Short observations of Scimitar-horned oryx grouping patterns and population structure during a protracted dry period in Bou-Hedma National Park, Tunisia. Royal Institute of Natural Sciences of Belgium [2005]: 1-17.

Chuven, Justin et al. (2018). Reintroduction of the scimitar–horned oryx in to the Ouadi Rime-Ouadi Achim Game Reserve, Chad, pp. 165-169. In: Soorae, P. S. (ed.). Global Reintroduction Perspectives: 2018. Case studies from around the globe. IUCN/SSC Reintroduction Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland and Environment Agency, Abu Dhabi, UAE. xiv + 286 pp.

Devillers, P. and Devillers-Terschuren, J. 2005. Oryx dammah. In: R. C. Beudels, P. Devillers, R. M. Lafontaine, J. Devillers-Terschuren and M. O. Beudels (eds), Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and Perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd edition. CMS Technical Series Publication N°11, 2005. UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn, Germany.

DI CROCE, A. (2002). Comportamento dell’Orice ([i]Oryx dammah[/i]) reintrodotto nel Parco Nazionale di Sidi Toui, Tunisia. Tesi di Laurea. Universita Degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”. Facolta di Scienza Matematiche, Fisiche e Naturali. Corso di Laurea in Scienze Biologiche. 145 pp.

Dolan, J. M. 1966. Notes on the scimitar-horned oryx, [i]Oryx dammah[/i], (Cretzschmar, 1826). International Zoo Yearkbook 6(1): 219-229.

Duthie, James (ed.). (2018). Back to the Wild: Reintroducing the Scimitar-Horned Oryx into Chad. Akkadia Press.

East, R. 1999. African Antelope Database 1999. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Engel J. Wakefield S.The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah. In: Gilbert T. Woodfine T(eds.). Reproduction. Hampshire (UK): Marwell Preservation Trust;2004. p. 14–20.

Flach, E. 2004. Veterinary Guidelines. In: The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitarhorned oryx Oryx dammah. pp. 46-53. Marwell Wildlife. U.K.

Gilbert, T. 2004. Wild diet. In: The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitar-horned oryx Oryx dammah. (eds. Gilbert, T. and Woodfine, T.) pg. 4. Marwell Wildlife. U.K.

Gilbert, T. 2005. International Studbook for scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah). Unpublished Report by Marwell Preservation Trust, Winchester, UK.

Gilbert, T., Petretto, M. and Woodfine, T. (2012). Wildlife conservation in Tunisia: from scimitar-horned oryx reintroduction to ecosystem preservation. Report & funding proposal for supporters and scimitar-horned oryx EEP members. Marwell Wildlife, U.K.

GILLET, H. 1965. L'Oryx algazelle et l'Addax au Tchad. La Terre et la Vie 3: 257-272.

Go, Du-Min et al. (2018). Uterine metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma in a scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah). The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science.

GORDON, I.J. 1989. A case of interspecific aggression between Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) and Addax (Addax nasomaculatus). Journal of Zoology, London, 218: 335-337.

GORDON, I.J. 1991. Ungulate re-introductions: the case of the Scimitar-horned oryx. Symposium Zoological Society London, 62: 217-240.

Gordon, I.J. and J.P. Gill. 1993. Reintroduction of scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah, to Bou-Hedma National Park, Tunisia. International Zoological Yearbook 32: 69-73.

IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2008. Oryx dammah. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T15568A4822675. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T15568A4822675.en. Downloaded on 27 May 2016.

Iyengar, A., T. Gilbert, T. Woodfine, J.M. Knowles, F.M. Diniz, R.A. Brenneman, E.E. Louis Jr., and N Maclean. 2007. Remnants of ancient genetic diversity preserved within captive groups of scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah). Molecular Ecology 16: 2436-2449.

Lignereux, Louis et al. (2020). Foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks in captive scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah). Transbound Emerg Dis. doi: 10.1111/tbed.13502. [Abstract]

Lignereux, Louis et al. (2022). Brucella melitensis biovar 1 isolation in a captive wildlife population in the United Arab Emirates. First isolation in the scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah). Veterinary Microbiology 266: 109360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2022.109360

Little, H. A., Gilbert, T. C., Athorn, M. L. and Marshall, A. R. (2016). Evaluating Conservation Breeding Success for an Extinct-in-the-Wild Antelope. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0166912.

MacKenzie PZ (1954): Catalogue of wild mammals of the Sudan occurring in the natural orders Artciodactyla and Perissodactyla. Sudan Museum (Natural History) publication N0. 4, Khartoum. 

Mallon, D. P. and Kingswood, S. C. (compilers). (2001). Antelopes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans. SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, U.K.: IUCN. 260 pp.

Mas, Martí et al. (2021). Prehistoric Fine-Line Rock Engravings in Tamanart (Morocco): Tachokalt and Anou L’haj. Hespéris-Tamuda LVI(1): 235-271.

MESOCHINA, P., BEDIN, E. & OSTROWSKI, S. 2003. Reintroducing antelopes into arid areas: lessons learnt from the oryx in Saudi Arabia. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326: 158-165.

Morrow, C. M. In press. Oryx dammah. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

NEWBY, J.E. 1978. Scimitar-horned Oryx – the end of the Line? Oryx, 14(3): 219-221.

NEWBY, J.E. 1980. Can Addax and Oryx be saved in the Sahel? Oryx, 15(3): 262-266.

Newby JE (1982): Action plan for the Sahelo-Saharan fauna of Africa. WWF/IUCN, Gland.

Newby, J. E. 1988. Aridland wildlife in decline: the case of the scimitar-horned oryx. Christopher Helm, London, UK.

Ogden, Rob et al. (2020). Benefits and pitfalls of captive conservation genetic management: Evaluating diversity in scimitar-horned oryx to support reintroduction planning. Biological Conservation 241: 108244. [Abstract]

Pauling, Cassandra Dawn. (2015). Surveying Internal Parasites and Fecal Cortisol in Captive Scimitar-Horned Oryx, [i]Oryx dammah[/i], between Environments. Thesis, University of Central Missouri.

Pauling, Cassandra Dawn, Lankford, Scott E. and Jackson, Victoria L. (2017). Fecal cortisol levels in scimitar-horned oryx, [i]Oryx dammah[/i], reveals differences between captive environments. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 48(4):1049-1057. [Abstract]

Pauling, Cassandra Dawn, Oller, Anna and Jackson, Victoria. (In Press, 2016). Fecal parasite identification by microscopy and PCR in scimitar-horned oryx, [i]Oryx dammah[/i], managed at two sites. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2016.11.001

Shang, Shuai et al. (2019). Gut microbiota of the scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah. Folia Zoologica 68(4): 269-273. [Abstract]

SPINAGE, C.A. 1986. The natural history of Antelopes. Croom Helm, London, UK.

TEAR, T.H. & ABLES, E.D. 1999. Social system development and variability in a reintroduced Arabian oryx population. Biological Conservation 89(2): 199-207.

WACHER, T.J. 1986a. The reintroduction of Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) from the United Kingdom to Tunisia. Report No. 1, December 1985. Oxford University and Zoological Society of London, 31 p.

WACHER, T.J. 1986b. The reintroduction of Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) from the United Kingdom to Tunisia. Report No. 2, April-May 1986. Oxford University and Zoological Society of London, 18 p.

WAKEFIELD, S. 1995. European studbook for Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah), data current to 31 December 1995. Marwell Zoological Park, England, n°1, 39 p.

Wakefield, S., J. Engel, and T. Gilbert. 2004. Conservation. In: The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah. (eds. Gilbert, T. and Woodfine, T.) pp.14-20. Marwell Wildlife. U.K.

WAKEFIELD, S. & MOLCANOVÀ, R. 2001. Report of the reintroduction project of Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah). Parc National de Sidi Toui, Tunisia. Report to the Sahelo-Saharan Antelope Interest Group (SSIG), March 2001, 12 pp.

Weibel, C. (2014). Determination of scimitar-horned oryx ([i]Oryx dammah[/i]) causes of infertility. Biodiversity Stewardship Report Series. No. BS14.01. Biodiversity Stewardship Lab, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. 77843-2258.

Woodfine, T., & Gilbert, T. (2016). The Fall and Rise of the Scimitar‐Horned Oryx: A Case Study of Ex‐Situ Conservation and Reintroduction in Practice. Antelope Conservation: From Diagnosis to Action, 280.

WOODFINE, T., GILBERT, T. & ENGEL, H. (2005): A summary of past and present initiatives for the conservation and reintroduction of addax and scimitar-horned oryx in North Africa. Proceedings of the EAZA Conference 2004, Kolmarden. EAZA Executive Office, Amsterdam: 208-211.

http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=abstract&id=1107138

http://www.thenational.ae/uae/animals/500-scimitar-horned-oryx-to-be-introduced-to-chad-game-reserve

http://www.mypalmbeachpost.com/news/lifestyles/meet-the-oryx-a-wild-extinct-species-thrives-at-li/nnnyN/

http://insider.si.edu/2016/04/25-scimitar-horned-oryx-reintroduced-wild-chad/

http://patch.com/district-columbia/washingtondc/smithsonian-sends-extinct-antelope-back-africa

https://face2faceafrica.com/article/oryx-chad

http://www.gulftoday.ae/portal/2d720e81-d0f4-4e07-92b4-4bbdaa41e039.aspx

http://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/7518/scimitar-horned-oryx-dammah

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02513168/document

 

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