Oryx dammah (Cretzschmar, 1826)

Scimitar-horned oryx, Sahara oryx



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

IUCN status: Extinct in the Wild



North Africa


Biology & Ecology










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Beyouli, Houssem chedli Traouit and Neffati, Mohamed. (In Press, 2016). Vegetative habitat selection of Scimitar horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) in Bouhedma National Park, Southern Tunisia. Journal of King Saud University - Science. doi:10.1016/j.jksus.2016.04.003. [Abstract]

Bonacina, Eleonora et al. (In Press, 2020). Deslorelin subcutaneous implants in Oryx dammah males for reproductive control. Theriogenology. doi: [Abstract]

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DI CROCE, A. (2002). Comportamento dell’Orice ([i]Oryx dammah[/i]) reintrodotto nel Parco Nazionale di Sidi Toui, Tunisia. Tesi di Laurea. Universita Degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”. Facolta di Scienza Matematiche, Fisiche e Naturali. Corso di Laurea in Scienze Biologiche. 145 pp.

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Engel J. Wakefield S.The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah. In: Gilbert T. Woodfine T(eds.). Reproduction. Hampshire (UK): Marwell Preservation Trust;2004. p. 14–20.

Flach, E. 2004. Veterinary Guidelines. In: The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitarhorned oryx Oryx dammah. pp. 46-53. Marwell Wildlife. U.K.

Gilbert, T. 2004. Wild diet. In: The biology, husbandry and conservation of scimitar-horned oryx Oryx dammah. (eds. Gilbert, T. and Woodfine, T.) pg. 4. Marwell Wildlife. U.K.

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Gilbert, T., Petretto, M. and Woodfine, T. (2012). Wildlife conservation in Tunisia: from scimitar-horned oryx reintroduction to ecosystem preservation. Report & funding proposal for supporters and scimitar-horned oryx EEP members. Marwell Wildlife, U.K.

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GORDON, I.J. 1989. A case of interspecific aggression between Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) and Addax (Addax nasomaculatus). Journal of Zoology, London, 218: 335-337.

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Lignereux, Louis et al. (2020). Foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks in captive scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah). Transbound Emerg Dis. doi: 10.1111/tbed.13502. [Abstract]

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Pauling, Cassandra Dawn, Lankford, Scott E. and Jackson, Victoria L. (2017). Fecal cortisol levels in scimitar-horned oryx, [i]Oryx dammah[/i], reveals differences between captive environments. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 48(4):1049-1057. [Abstract]

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Shang, Shuai et al. (2019). Gut microbiota of the scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah. Folia Zoologica 68(4): 269-273. [Abstract]

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WACHER, T.J. 1986a. The reintroduction of Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) from the United Kingdom to Tunisia. Report No. 1, December 1985. Oxford University and Zoological Society of London, 31 p.

WACHER, T.J. 1986b. The reintroduction of Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) from the United Kingdom to Tunisia. Report No. 2, April-May 1986. Oxford University and Zoological Society of London, 18 p.

WAKEFIELD, S. 1995. European studbook for Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah), data current to 31 December 1995. Marwell Zoological Park, England, n°1, 39 p.

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WAKEFIELD, S. & MOLCANOVÀ, R. 2001. Report of the reintroduction project of Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah). Parc National de Sidi Toui, Tunisia. Report to the Sahelo-Saharan Antelope Interest Group (SSIG), March 2001, 12 pp.

Weibel, C. (2014). Determination of scimitar-horned oryx ([i]Oryx dammah[/i]) causes of infertility. Biodiversity Stewardship Report Series. No. BS14.01. Biodiversity Stewardship Lab, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. 77843-2258.

Woodfine, T., & Gilbert, T. (2016). The Fall and Rise of the Scimitar‐Horned Oryx: A Case Study of Ex‐Situ Conservation and Reintroduction in Practice. Antelope Conservation: From Diagnosis to Action, 280.

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