Oreamnos harringtoni Stock, 1936

Harrington's mountain goat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: c. 9,000 BC





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Stock, Charles. (1936). A new mountain goat from the Quaternary of Smith Creek Cave, Nevada. Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 35(3): 149-153.


Other references:

Campos, Paula F. et al. (2010). Molecular identification of the extinct mountain goat, Oreamnos harringtoni (Bovidae). Boreas 39(1): 18-23. [Abstract]

Cole, K., and J. I. Mead. 1981. Late Quaternary animal remains from packrat middens in the eastern Grand Canyon, Arizona. J. Arizona/Nevada Academy of Science 16:24-25.

Emslie, S. D. 1988. Vertebrate paleontology and taphonomy of caves in Grand Canyon, Arizona. National Geographic Research 4:128-142.

Fiedel, S. 2009. Sudden deaths: The chronology of terminal Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Pp. 21-37, in American megafaunal extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene (G. Haynes, ed.). Springer Science + Business Media, 201 pp.

Harington, C. R. 1984. Ungulate remains from Stanton's Cave: An identification list. Pp. 67-75, in The archaeology, geology, and paleobiology of Stanton's Cave, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona (R. C. Euler, ed.). Grand Canyon Natural History Association, Monograph 6.

Harris, Arthur H. (1987). Reconstruction of Mid Wisconsin Environments in Southern New Mexico. National Geographic Research 3(2): 142-151.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Jass, Christopher N., Mead, Jim I., and Logan, Lloyd E. (2000). Harrington's extinct mountain goat (Oreamnos harringtoni Stock 1936) from Muskox Cave, New Mexico. The Texas Journal of Science 52(2): 121-132.

Kenworthy, J., V. L. Santucci, and K. L. Cole. 2004. An inventory of paleontological resources associated with caves in Grand Canyon National Park. Pp. 211-228, in The Colorado Plateau, Cultural, Biological, and Physical Research (C. v. Riper III and K. L. Cole, eds.), University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Kottkamp, Scott et al. (2022). Pleistocene vertebrates from Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico. In: Morgan et al. (eds.). Late Cenozoic Vertebrate Paleontology: Tribute to Arthur H. Harris. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 88: 267-290.

Kurtén B., Anderson E. 1980 Pleistocene Mammals of North America. New York, Columbia University Press.

Logan, L. E. 1981. The mammalian fossils of Muskox Cave, Eddy County, New Mexico. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress Speleology 1: 159-160.

Mead, Jim I. (1983). Harrington's extinct mountain goat (Oreamnos harringtoni) and its environment in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. Dissertation, University of Arizona. xiv + 215 pp. [automatic download]

Jim I. Mead; Larry D. Agenbroad; Arthur M. Phillips, and Larry T. Middleton. (1987). Extinct mountain goat (Oreamnos harringtoni) in Southeastern Utah. Quaternary Research 27(3): 323-331. [Abstract]

Mead, J. I., L. L. Coats, and B. W. Schubert. 2003. Late Pleistocene faunas from caves in the eastern Grand Canyon, Arizona. Pp. 64-86, in Ice Age cave faunas of North America (B. W. Schubert, J. I. Mead, and R. W. Graham, eds.) Denver Museum of Nature and Science, 299 pp.

Mead, J. I., N. J. Czaplewski, and L. D. Agenbroad. 2005. Rancholabrean (Late Pleistocene) mammals and localities of Arizona. Pp. 139-180, in (R. D. McCord, ed.) Vertebrate Paleontology of Arizona, Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin No. 11.

Mead, J. I., and M. C. Lawler. 1994. Skull, mandible, and metapodials of the extinct Harrington's Mountain Goat (Oreamnos harringtoni. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 14(4):562-576.

Jim I. Mead; Paul S. Martin; Robert C. Euler; Austin Long; A. J. T. Jull; Laurence J. Toolin; Douglas J. Donahue, and T. W. Linick. (1986). Extinction of Harrington's mountain goat. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83: 836-839.

Mead, Mary Kay; O'Rourke; Foppe, Theresa M. (1986). Dung and Diet of the Extinct Harrington's Mountain Goat (Oreamnos harringtoni). Journal of Mammalogy 67(2): 284-293. [Abstract]

Mead, Jim I. and Lawler, Mark C. (1995). Skull, Mandible, and Metapodials of the Extinct Harrington's Mountain Goat (Oreamnos harringtoni). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 14 (4): 562–576. [Abstract]

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.


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