Megaceroides algericus Lydekker, 1890

North African giant deer



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Megaloceros algericus Lydekker, 1890


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Northern Africa (at least Algeria and Morocco)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Lydekker, Richard. (1890). On a cervine jaw from Algeria. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1890: 602-604.


Other references:

Abbazzi, L., 2004. Remarks on the validity of the generic name Praemegaceros Portis 1920, and an overview on Praemegaceros species in Italy. Rendiconti Lincei 15(2), 115-132.

Abbazzi, Laura and Azzaroli, A. (2004). Remarks on the validity of the generic name Praemegaceros Portis 1920, and an overview on Praemegaceros species in Italy. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei [b]9[/b](15): 115-132.

Arambourg C. (1932). Note préliminaire sur une nouvelle grotte à ossements des environs d’Alger. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique du Nord 23: 154-162.

Arambourg C. (1938). Mammifères fossilies du Maroc. Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 46: 1-74.

Arkell, A.J., 1962. The petroglyphs of Wadi Zirmei in North-Eastern Tibesti. Actes du IV Congres Panafricain de Prehistoire et de l'Etude du Quaternaire, pp. 391-394.

Azzaroli, A., Mazza, P., 1993. Large early Pleistocene deer from Pietrafitta lignite mine, central Italy. Palaeontol. Ital. 80: 1-24.

Croitor, Roman. (In Press, 2016). Systematical position and paleoecology of the endemic deer Megaceroides algericus Lydekker, 1890 (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the late Pleistocene-early Holocene of North Africa. Geobios. doi:10.1016/j.geobios.2016.05.002 [Abstract]

Croitor, Roman. (2018). Plio-pleistocene deer of western paleartic: Taxonomy, Systematics, Phylogeny. Chişinău: Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. 140 pp.

Faith, J. Tyler. (2014). Late Pleistocene and Holocene mammal extinctions on continental Africa. Earth-Science Reviews 128: 105-121.

Fernandez, Philippe et al. (2015). The last occurrence of Megaceroides algericus Lyddekker, 1890 (Mammalia, Cervidae) during the middle Holocene in the cave of Bizmoune (Morocco, Essaouira region). Quaternary International 374: 154-167.

Gentry, A. W. (2010). Cervidae, pp. 813-814. In: Werdelin, L. and Sanders, W. J. (eds.). Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.

Geraads, D. (2010). Biogeographic relationships of Pliocene and Pleistocene Northwestern African mammals. Quat. Int. 212: 159-168.

Hadjouis, Djillali. (1990). Megaceroides algericus (Lydekker, 1890) du gisement des Phacocheres (Alger, Algérie). Etude critique de la position systématique de Megaceroides. Quaternaire 1(3-4): 247-258.

Hamilton, W.R., 1978. Cervidae and Palaeomerycidae. In: Maglio, V.J., Cooke, H.B.S. (Eds.), Evolution of African Mammals. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, pp. 496-508.

Joleaud, L., 1914. Sur le Cervus (Megaceroides) algericus Lydekker (1890). C. R. Soc. Biol. Paris 76: 737-739.

Merzoug, Souhila. (2012). Essai d’interprétation du statut économique du Megaceroides algericus durant l’Ibéromaurusien dans le massif des Babors (Algérie). Quaternaire 23(2): 141-148. [automatic download]

Merzoug, Souhila and Sari, L. (2008). Re-examination of the Zone I material from Tamar Hat (Algeria): zooarchaeological and technofunctional analyses. Afr. Archaeol. Rev. 25(1): 57-73.

Olszewski D., Schurmans U., Schmidt B. 2011 The Epipaleolithic (Iberomaurusian) from Grotte des Contrebandiers, Morocco. African Archaeological Review 28(2), 97-123.

Pfeiffer, T., 2002. The first complete skeleton of Megaloceros verticornis (Dawkins, 1868) Cervidae, Mammalia, from Bilshausen (Lower Saxony, Germany): description and phylogenetic implications. Mitteilungen as dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Geowissenschaftliche Reihe 5: 289-308.

Saxon, E.C., Close, A., Cluzel, C., Morse, V., Shackleton, N.J., 1974. Results of recent investigations at Tamar Hat. Lybica 22: 49-91.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-40. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vislobokova I. 2011 Historical development and geographical distribution of giant deer (Cervidae, Megacerini). Paleontological Journal 45(6), 674-688.


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