Hippopotamus minor (Desmarest, 1822)

Cyprus dwarf hippo(potamus), Cypriot pygmy hippo(potamus)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Phanourios minor Desmarest, 1822


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Desmarest, A. G. (1822). Mammalogie ou description des espèces de mammifères. Mme Veuve Agasse imprimeur édit., Paris, 2ème part., pp.277-555.


Other references:

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Anna, Nakasi Maria et al. (2023). Oxygen isotope analysis of pygmy hippo’s fossil bone and tooth apatite from Aghia Napa, Cyprus. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 48: 103854.

Bate, Dorothy M. A. (1906). The pigmy Hippopotamus of Cyprus. Geological Magazine 3: 241-245.

Boekschoten G. J. and Sondaar, P.Y. (1972). On the fossil mamalia of Cyprus, I & II. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Series B), 75(4): 306-338.

Caloi, L., Palombo, M.R., 1983. Osservazioni sugli ippopotami nani delle isole del Mediterraneo. Geologica Romana 22: 45-83.

Forsyth Major, C. J. (1902). On the pigmy Hippopotamus from the Pleistocene of Cyprus, Proceed-ings of the Zoological Society of London, 1902(2): 107-112.

Georgitsis, Michail K. et al. (2022a). Morphofunctional examination of the carpal bones of pygmy hippopotamus from Ayia Napa, Cyprus. The Anatomical Record 305(2): 297-320.

Georgitsis, Michail K. et al. (2022b). Functional morphology of the hindlimb of fossilized pygmy hippopotamus from Ayia Napa (Cyprus). Journal of Morphology 283(8): 1048-1079.

Hadjicostis, Menelaos (6 December 2007). Dwarf Hippo Fossils Found on Cyprus. Fox Television (The Associated Press). Accessed 22/2/2012.

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