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Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest, 1822

European hippo[potamus]

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Hippopotamus major (author?)

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

Last record: Late Pleistocene

 

Distribution

Europe

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Desmarest, A. G. (1822). Mammalogie ou description des espèces de mammifères. Mme Veuve Agasse imprimeur édit., Paris, 2ème part., pp.277-555.

 

Other references:

Caloi, L., Palombo M. R. and Petronio C. (1980). Resti cranici di Hippopotamus antiquus (= H. major) e Hippopomatus amphibius  conservati nel Museo di Paleontologia dell’Università di Roma. Geol. Romana, Roma 19: 91-119.

Konidaris, George E. et al. (In Press, 2017). The skeleton of a straight-tusked elephant (Palaeoloxodon antiquus) and other large mammals from the Middle Pleistocene butchering locality Marathousa 1 (Megalopolis Basin, Greece): preliminary results. Quaternary International. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.12.001

Madurell-Malapeira, J., Martínez-Navarro, P. Palmqvist, M. P. Espigares, S. Ros-Montoya, J. M. Jiménez-Arenas, J. A. Pérez-Claros, B. Figueirido, M. De Renzi (2011). The Late Villafranchian Hippopotamus antiquus: paleoecology and paleobiological inferences. XVIII INQUA Congress, Bern (Switzerland).

Marra, Antonella Cinzia. (2005). Pleistocene Hippopotamuses of Mediterranean islands: looking for ancestors. InALcoVER, J.A. & BOVER, P. (eds.): Proceedings of the International Symposium "Insular VertebrateEvolution: thePalaeontological Approach': Monografies de la Societatd'Història Natural de les Balears 12: 193-204.

Martínez-Navarro, B., Madurell-Malapeira, J., Ros-Montoya, S., Espigares, M.P., Figueirido, B., Guerra-Merchán, A.& Palmqvist, P. (2015). Sobre la paleobiologia de Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest, 1822: ¿Un megaherbívoro sin análogos vivientes?. In: Reolid, M. (Ed.), XXXI Jornadas de Paleontología, Sociedad Española de Paleontología, Baeza 7-10 de octubre de 2015. Libro de resúmenes, p. 180-182. Universidad de Jaén, Jaén.

Martino, Roberta and Pandolfi, Luca. (2020). Revision of the Quaternary hippopotamuses from Italy, pp. 80. In: Sobczyk A., Ratajczak-Skrzatek U., Kasprzak M., Kotowski A., Marciszak A., Stefaniak K. (eds.). Proceedings of INQUA SEQS 2020 Conference, Wrocław, Poland. University of Wrocław & Polish Geological Society. 124 pp.

Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (2001). Human/carnivore interaction in the Middle Pleistocene of Latium (Central Italy): an open question, pp. 67-75. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Palombo, M. R., Abbazzi, L., Agostini, S., Mazza, P. and Mussi, M. (2001). Middle Pleistocene fauna and lithic implements from Pagliare di Sassa (L’Aquila, Central Italy), pp. 224-229. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Pandolfi, Luca et al. (2020). Investigating ecological and phylogenetic constraints in Hippopotamidae skull shape. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafi (Research in Paleontology and Stratigraphy) 126(1): 37-49.

http://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/8380/extinct-hippopotami

 

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