Hemiauchenia paradoxa Gervais & Ameghino, 1880



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Argentina, Bolivia & Brazil


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Gervais, H. and Ameghino, F. (1880). Los mamíferos fósiles de America del Sur. Paris–Buenos Aires, F. Savy-Igon Hnos, 225 pp.


Other references:

Carrasco, Thayara S., Scherer, Carolina S., Ribeiro, Ana Maria and Buchmann, Francisco S. (2022). Paleodiet of Lamini camelids (Mammalia: Artiodactyla) from the Pleistocene of southern Brazil: insights from stable isotope analysis (δ13C, δ18O). Paleobiology.

Carrillo-Briceño, Jorge D. et al. (2023). Nearctic Pleistocene ungulates from the Pampean region (Argentina) in the historical collections of Santiago Roth in Switzerland: an overview. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 142: 12.

González-Guarda, Erwin et al. (2017). Late Pleistocene ecological, environmental and climatic reconstruction based on megafauna stable isotopes from northwestern Chilean Patagonia. Quaternary Science Reviews 170: 188-202. [Abstract]

J. G. Honey, J. A. Harrison, D. R. Prothero and M. S. Stevens. 1998. Camelidae. In C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America 1:439-462

Kerber, L., Oliveira, E., 2008, Fósseis de vertebrados da Formação ouro Passo (Pleistoceno Superior), Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: atualização dos dados e novas contribuições: GAEA – Journal of Geoscience, 4(2), 49-64.

Kerber, Leonardo, Pitana, Vanessa Gregis, Ribeiro, Ana Maria, Hsiou, Annie Schmaltz and Oliveira, Edison V. (2014). Late Pleistocene vertebrates from Touro Passo Creek (Touro Passo Formation), southern Brazil: a review. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 31(2): 248-259.

Lopes, Renato Pereira et al. (2021). The Santa Vitória Alloformation: an update on a Pleistocene fossil-rich unit in Southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology 51(1): e2020065.

Lopes, Renato Pereira et al. (2023). Paleoenvironmental changes in the Brazilian Pampa based on carbon and oxygen stable isotope analysis of Pleistocene camelid tooth enamel. Journal of Quaternary Science.

Scherer C.S. 2012 The Camelidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the Quaternary of South America: Cladistic and biogeographic hypotheses. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 1-12.

Scherer, C.S.S., Ferigolo, J., Ribeiro, A.M., Cartelle, C.C., 2007, Contribution to the knowledge of Hemiauchenia paradoxa (Artiodactyla, Camelidae) from de Pleistocene of Southern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 10(1): 35-52.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Ubilla M., Perea D., Goso Aguilar C., Lorenzo N. 2004 Late Pleistocene vertebrates from northern Uruguay: tools for biostratigraphic, climatic and environmental reconstruction. Quaternary International 114(1), 129-142.


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