Haploidoceros mediterraneus (Bonifay, 1967)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Euctenoceros mediterraneus Bonifay, 1967


Conservation Status


Last record: c. 88,000 BC



Europe (including France)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Bonifay, Marie-Francoise. (1967). Principales formes caracteristiques du quarternaire moyen du sud-est de la France (Grands Mamiferes). Bulletin du Musee d'Anthropologie Prehistorique de Monaco 14: 49-62.


Other references:

Croitor, Roman. (2018). Plio-pleistocene deer of western paleartic: Taxonomy, Systematics, Phylogeny. Chişinău: Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. 140 pp.

Croitor, Roman, Bonifay, Marie-Francoise and Brugal, Jean-Philippe. (2008). Systematic revision of the endemic deer Haploidoceros n. gen. mediterraneus (Bonifay, 1967) (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Middle Pleistocene of Southern France. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 82(3): 325-346.

Croitor, Roman et al. (2020). The endemic deer Haploidoceros mediterraneus (Bonifay) (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the Late Pleistocene of Cova del Rinoceront (Iberian Peninsula): origin, ecomorphology, and paleobiology. Historical Biology 32(3): 409-427. [Abstract]

Daura, J. et al. (2015). Cova del Rinoceront (Castelldefels, Barcelona): a terrestrial record for the Last Interglacial period (MIS 5) in the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews 114: 203-227.

Montserrat Sanz, Joan Daura, Jean-Philip Brugal. (2014). First occurrence of the extinct deer Haploidoceros in the Iberian Peninsula in the Upper Pleistocene of the Cova del Rinoceront (Castelldefels, Barcelona). Comptes Rendus Palevol. 13(1): 27-40.

Rivals, Florent, Sanz, Montserrat and Daura, Joan. (In Press, 2016). First reconstruction of the dietary traits of the Mediterranean deer (Haploidoceros mediterraneus) from the Cova del rinoceront (NE Iberian peninsula). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.02.014 [Abstract]


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