Euceratherium collinum (Furlong & Sinclair, 1904)

Shrub ox, Shrub-ox



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Preptoceras sinclairi Furlong, 1905; Aftonius calvini Hay, 1913; Euceratherium americanum Gidley, 1913:1; Taurotragus americanus Gidley, 1913:1; Euceratherium bizzelli Stovall, 1937


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene (Holocene?)



North America


Biology & Ecology










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Faith, J.T., Surovell, T.A., 2009. Synchronous extinction of North America's Pleistocene mammals. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106, 20641-20645.

Feranec, R. S. (2009). Implications of radiocarbon dates from Potter Creek Cave, Shasta County, California, USA. Radiocarbon 51(3): 931-936.

Fiedel, S. 2009. Sudden deaths: The chronology of terminal Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Pp. 21-37, in American megafaunal extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene (G. Haynes, ed.). Springer Science + Business Media, 201 pp.

Furlong, E. L. (1905). Preptoceras, a new ungulate from Samwel Cave California. University of California Publications; Department of Geology 4: 163-169.

Gildey, James Williams. (1913). An extinct American eland. Smithsonian Miscellanious Collections 60(27): 1-3, pl. 1.

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Harris, A. H. 1989. The New Mexican late Wisconsin—east versus west. National Geographic Research 5:205-217.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Hay, O. P. (1913). Descriptions of two new species of ruminants from the Pleistocene of Iowa. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 26: 5-8.

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Kropf, M. (2005). The extinct shrub-ox (Euceratherium collinum) and its late Quaternary environment on the Colorado Plateau. Unpublished master's thesis, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff.

Kropf, M., Mead, J. I. and Anderson, R. S. (2007). Dung, diet, and the paleoenvironment of the extinct shrub-ox (Euceratherium collinum) on the Colorado Plateau, USA. Quaternary Research 67(1): 143-151.

Kurtén, B., and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America. Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 442 pp.

Logan, L. E. 1981. The mammalian fossils of Muskox Cave, Eddy County, New Mexico. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress Speleology 1:159-160.

McDonald, H. G., L. D. Agenbroad, and C. M. Haden. 2004. Late Pleistocene mylodont sloth Paramylodon harlani (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 49(2):229-238.

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Simpson, G. G. 1963. A new record of Euceratherium or Preptoceros (extinct Bovidae) in New Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy 44:583-584.

Sinclair, W. J. (1905). New mammalia from the Quaternary caves of California. University of California Publications; Bulletin of the Department of Geology 4: 145-161.

Sinclair, W. J. and Furlong, E. L. (1904). Euceratherium, a new ungulate from the Quaternary caves of California. University of California Publications; Bulletin of the Department of Geology 3: 411-418.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403. 

Smith, V. J. (1934). Hord Rock Shelter. Texas Archeological and Paleontological Society 6:97-106.

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Stock, C. and Harris, J. M. (1992). Rancho la Brea: A record of Pleistocene life in California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series no. 37, 7th ed.:i-xiv + 1-113.

Stovall, J. W. (1937). Euceratherium bizzelli, a new ungulate from Oklahoma. [journal?] 11(5): 450-455.


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