Damaliscus hypsodon Faith et al. 2012:85



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Faith, J. Tyler, Potts R., Plummer T.W., Bishop L.C., Marean C.W., Tryon C.A. (2012). New perspectives on middle Pleistocene change in the large mammal faunas of East Africa: Damaliscus hypsodon sp. nov. (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from Lainyamok, Kenya. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 361-362: 84-93.


Other references:

Faith, J. Tyler. (2014). Late Pleistocene and Holocene mammal extinctions on continental Africa. Earth-Science Reviews 128: 105-121.

Faith J.T., Choiniere J.N., Tryon C.A., Peppe D.J., Fox D.L. 2011 Taxonomic status and paleoecology of Rusingoryx atopocranion (Mammalia, Artiodactyla), an extinct Pleistocene bovid from Rusinga Island, Kenya. Quaternary Research 75(3), 697-707.

Faith, J. Tyler et al. (2020). Late Pleistocene Mammals from Kibogo, Kenya: Systematic Paleontology, Paleoenvironments, and Non-Analog Associations. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 40(5): e1841781. [Abstract]

Faurby, S. et al. (2018). PHYLACINE 1.2: The phylogenetic atlas of mammal macroecology. Ecology 99: 2626.

Fortelius, M. et al. (2016). An ecometric analysis of the fossil mammal record of the Turkana Basin. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 371: 20150232.

Lauer, Daniel A. et al. (2023). Disruption of trait-environment relationships in African megafauna occurred in the middle Pleistocene. Nature Communications 14: 4016.

Lesur, Joséphine et al. (2016). Paleoenvironmental and biogeographic implications of terminal Pleistocene large mammals from the ziway-Shala Basin, main Ethiopian rift, Ethiopia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 449: 567-579. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.02.053

Marean, C.W., 1990. Late Quaternary Paleoenvironments and Faunal Exploitation in East Africa. University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D. Thesis).

Marean, Curtis W. and Gifford-Gonzalez, Diane. (1991). Late Quaternary extinct ungulates of East Africa and palaeoenvironmental implications. Nature 350(6317): 418-420. [Abstract]

Oksanen, O., Žliobaitė, I., Saarinen, J., Lawing, A. M. & Fortelius, M. (2019). A Humboldtian approach to life and climate of the geological past: Estimating palaeotemperature from dental traits of mammalian communities. Journal of Biogeography 46: 1770-1776.

Potts, R. and Deino, A. (1995). Mid-Pleistocene change in large mammal faunas of East Africa. Quatern. Res. 43: 106-113.

Tryon, C.A., Faith, J.T., Peppe, D.J., Fox, D.L., McNulty, K.P., Jenkins, K., Dunsworth, H., Harcourt-Smith, W., 2010. The Pleistocene archaeology and environments of the Wasiriya Beds, Rusinga Island, Kenya. J. Hum. Evol. 59: 657-671.


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