Cervus nippon taiouanus Blyth, 1860

Formosan sika deer



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1969

Since reintroduced to the wild



Taiwan (=Formosa)


Biology & Ecology










Chen, Y. J., Wang, Y., Chen S. Q., Huang X. Y. 2003. Formosan Sika Deer (Cervus nippon taiouanus) population Monitoring in Kenting National Park and vicinity Area. Research report commissioned by Kenting National Park Management Office, Ministry of Interior Construction.

Chu, C. S., Yu, C. Y., Chen, C. T., and Su, Y. C. 2012. Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis infection in Feedlot Deer (Cervus unicolor swinhoei and C. nippon taiouanus) in Taiwan. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection 45(6): 426-434.

Dong, Yimen et al. (2022). Complete mitochondrial genome and phylogenetic analysis of eight sika deer subspecies in northeast Asia. Journal of Genetics 101: 35.

Liang, Yu-Jen et al. (2020). Seasonal variation in herd composition of the Formosan sika deer (Cervus nippon taiouanus) in a forest-grassland mosaic habitat of southern Taiwan. Global Ecology and Conservation 24: e01283.

Lydekker, Richard. (1915). Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. IV. Artiodactyla. London: British Museum. [p. 110]

McCullough, D. R. (2009). Sika deer in Taiwan. In: Dale R. McCullough, Seiki Takatsuki, and Koichi Kaji (eds.). Sika Deer. Tokyo: Springer.

Pei, J. C. (2009). The present status of the re-introduced sika deer in Kenting National Park, Southern Taiwan. In: Dale R. McCullough, Seiki Takatsuki, and Koichi Kaji (eds.). Sika Deer. Tokyo: Springer.

Pei J. Q. and Liang Y. R. (2015). The past and present life of Formosan sika deer. Taiwan Museum Quarterly 34(1): 42-49.


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