Cervus nippon grassianus Heude, 1884

Shanxi Sika, Shansi Sika, Shanxi sika deer



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

Last record: c.1940 (Goodwin & Goodwin, 1973)



Shanxi Province, China


Biology & Ecology










Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds, pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.

Sheng, H. L. (1992). Cervus Nippon. In: The Deer in China (ed. Sheng, H.L.) (in Chinese), Shanghai: East China Normal University Press. [website is in Chinese]


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