Cervus canadensis canadensis Erxleben, 1777:305

Eastern elk, Wapiti, American wapiti, American elk



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Cervus elaphus canadensis Erxleben, 1777:305


Conservation Status


Last record: 1 September 1877 (Day, 1981); 1880 (Goodwin & Goodwin, 1973)



Canada (& eastern USA?)


Biology & Ecology










Bailey, Vernon. (1937). A Typical Specimen of the Eastern Elk from Pennsylvania. Journal of Mammalogy 18(1): 104.

Bryant, L. D. and Maser, C. (1982). Classification and distribution, pp. 1-59. In: Thomas, J. W. and Toweill, D. E. (eds.). Elk of North America. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Geist, V. (1998). Deer of the World: Their Evolution, Behaviour, and Ecology. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Guthrie, R. D. (1966). The extinct wapiti of Alaska and Yukon Territory. Can. J. Zool. 44: 47-57.

Rhoads, Samuel N. (1903). The Mammals of Pennsylvania and New Jersey... Philadelphia: Self published. [pp. 29-47]

Schonewald, Christine. (1994). Cervus canadensis and C. elaphus: North American subspecies and evaluation of clinal extremes. Acta Theriologica 39: 431-452.


<< Back to the Cetartiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates) database