Cervalces scotti Lydekker, 1898

Stag-moose, Elk-moose



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Alces scotti Lydekker, 1898


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



North America


Biology & Ecology










Baghai-Riding, Nina L., Husley, Danielle B., Beck, Christine and Blackwell, Eric. (2017). Late Pleistocene megafauna from Mississippi alluvium plain gravel bars. Paludicola 11(3): 124-147. [automatic download]

Faunmap working group. 1994 FAUNMAP: a database documenting late Quaternary distributions of mammal species in the United States. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers 25(1-2), 1-690.

Feranec, R.S., Kozlowski, A.L., 2010. AMS radiocarbon dates from Pleistocene and Holocene mammals housed in the New York State Museum, Albany, New York, USA. Radiocarbon 52: 205-208.

Glotzhober, Robert C. and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2015). Partial Skeleton of an Elk-moose, Cervalces scotti, from Chippewa Lake, Medina County, Ohio. PaleoAmerica 1(4): 332-342. [Abstract]

Hibbard, E. A. (1958). Occurrence of the extinct moose, Cervalces, in the Pleistocene of Michigan. Pap. Mich. Acad. 43: 33-37.

Iowa State University. (2013, September 19). Oldest and youngest stag-moose in North America. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 11, 2015 from

Kurtén B., Anderson E. 1980 Pleistocene Mammals of North America. New York, Columbia University Press.

Long, Charles A. and Yahnke, Christopher J. (2011). End of Pleistocene: elk-moose (Cervalces) and caribou (Rangifer) in Wisconsin. Journal of Mammalogy 92(5): 1127-1133.

McDonald, H. Gregory. (1989). New Records of the Elk-moose Cervalces scotti from Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 122(2): 349-356.

Schubert, B. W., R. W. Graham, H. G. McDonald, E. C. Grimm and T. W. Stafford, Jr. (2004). Latest Pleistocene paleoecology of Jefferson’s ground sloth (Megalonyx jeffersonii) and elk-moose (Cervalces scotti) in northern Illinois. Quaternary Research 61: 231-240.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Wilson, Richard Leland. (1967). The Pleistocene vertebrates of Michigan. Papers of the Michigan  Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 52: 197-234.


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