Cervalces scotti Lydekker, 1898

Stag-moose, Elk-moose



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Alces scotti Lydekker, 1898


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



North America


Biology & Ecology










Baghai-Riding, Nina L., Husley, Danielle B., Beck, Christine and Blackwell, Eric. (2017). Late Pleistocene megafauna from Mississippi alluvium plain gravel bars. Paludicola 11(3): 124-147. [automatic download]

Faunmap working group. 1994 FAUNMAP: a database documenting late Quaternary distributions of mammal species in the United States. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers 25(1-2), 1-690.

Feranec, R.S., Kozlowski, A.L., 2010. AMS radiocarbon dates from Pleistocene and Holocene mammals housed in the New York State Museum, Albany, New York, USA. Radiocarbon 52: 205-208.

Glotzhober, Robert C. and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2015). Partial Skeleton of an Elk-moose, Cervalces scotti, from Chippewa Lake, Medina County, Ohio. PaleoAmerica 1(4): 332-342. [Abstract]

Hibbard, E. A. (1958). Occurrence of the extinct moose, Cervalces, in the Pleistocene of Michigan. Pap. Mich. Acad. 43: 33-37.

Iowa State University. (2013, September 19). Oldest and youngest stag-moose in North America. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 11, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130919121906.htm

Kurtén B., Anderson E. 1980 Pleistocene Mammals of North America. New York, Columbia University Press.

Long, Charles A. and Yahnke, Christopher J. (2011). End of Pleistocene: elk-moose (Cervalces) and caribou (Rangifer) in Wisconsin. Journal of Mammalogy 92(5): 1127-1133.

McDonald, H. Gregory. (1989). New Records of the Elk-moose Cervalces scotti from Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 122(2): 349-356.

Schubert, B. W., R. W. Graham, H. G. McDonald, E. C. Grimm and T. W. Stafford, Jr. (2004). Latest Pleistocene paleoecology of Jefferson’s ground sloth (Megalonyx jeffersonii) and elk-moose (Cervalces scotti) in northern Illinois. Quaternary Research 61: 231-240.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Wilson, Richard Leland. (1967). The Pleistocene vertebrates of Michigan. Papers of the Michigan  Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 52: 197-234.



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