Capromeryx minor Taylor, 1911

Diminutive pronghorn



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct or invalid

Last record: Holocene?





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Taylor, W. P. A. (1911). New antelope from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea: University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology 6: 191-197.

Other references:

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor Manuel and Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo. (2018). Advances on the Paleobiology of Late Pleistocene mammals from central and southern Mexico, pp. 277-313. In: Huard, Gaeten and Gareau, Jeannine (eds.). The Pleistocene: Geography, Geology, and Fauna. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor Manuel, Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo et al. (2013). Taxonomy and notes on the paleobiology of the late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) antilocaprids (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Antilocapridae) from the state of Hidalgo, central Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 30(3): 601-613.

Faunmap working group. 1994 FAUNMAP: a database documenting late Quaternary distributions of mammal species in the United States. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers 25(1-2), 1-690.

Fuller, Benjamin T. et al. (In Press, 2019). Pleistocene paleoecology and feeding behavior of terrestrial vertebrates recorded in a pre-LGM asphaltic deposit at Rancho La Brea, California. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. doi: [Abstract]

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Kurtén B., Anderson E. 1980 Pleistocene Mammals of North America. New York, Columbia University Press.

Morgan, J. K. and Morgan, N. H. (1995). A New Species of Capromeryx (Mammalia: Artiodactyla) from the Taunton Local Fauna of Washington, and the Correlation with Other Blancan Faunas of Washington and Idaho. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15(1): 160-170.

Prothero, Donald R. et al. (2021a). The postcranial skeleton of Capromeryx minor, a dwarf prongorn (Artiodactyla: Antilocapridae) from the Late Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea, pp. 321-333. In: Lucas, Spences G. and Sullivan, Robert M. (eds). Fossil Record 7. New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science Bulletin 82.

Prothero, Donald R. et al. (2021b). Allometric trends in growth and dwarfing in the dwarf pronghorn Capromeryx: does dwarfing follow the same trends as growth?, pp. 335-339. In: Lucas, Spences G. and Sullivan, Robert M. (eds). Fossil Record 7. New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science Bulletin 82.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

White R.S., Morgan G. 2011 Capromeryx (Artiodactyla: Antilocapridae) from the Rancholabrean Tramperos Creek fauna, Union County, New Mexico, with a review of the occurence and paleobiology of Capromeryx in the Rancholabrean of New Mexico. In Fossil Record 3 New Mexico Muesum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 53 (ed. al. S.e.).


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