Capromeryx furcifer Matthew, 1902

Matthew's pronghorn



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene?



Mexico & USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Matthew, W. D. (1902). List of the Pleistocene fauna from Hay Springs, Nebraska. Bulletin of the AMNH 16: 317-322.

Other references:

Conkling, R. P. (1932). Conkling Cavern: The discoveries in the bone cave at Bishops Cap, New Mexico. West Texas Historical and Scientific Society Bulletin 44: 39-41.

Cosgrove, C. B. (1947). Caves of the Upper Gila and Hueco areas in New Mexico and Texas. Pap. Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University 24: 1-182.

Croxen et al. 2007. Pleistocene geology and paleontology of the Colorado River Delta at Golfo de Santa Clara, Sonora, Mexico. Pp. 84-89, in Wild, scenic & rapid—a trip down the Colorado River trough (Robert E. Reynolds, ed.). The 2007 Desert Symposium field guide and abstracts from proceedings, California State University, Desert Studies Consortium, and LSA Associates, Inc.

Dalquest, W. W., and F. B. Stangl, Jr. 1984. Late Pleistocene and early Recent mammals from Fowlkes Cave, southern Culberson County, Texas. Pp. 432-455, in Contributions in Quaternary vertebrate paleontology: a volume in memorial to John E. Guilday (H. H. Genoways and M. R. Dawson, eds.). Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Special Publication 8:1-538.

Frick, C. 1921. Extinct vertebrate faunas of the badlands of Bautista Creek and San Timoteo Canon, southern California. University of California Publications in Geology 12(5):277-424, plates 43-50.

Harris, A. H. 1987. Reconstruction of Mid-Wisconsin environments in southern New Mexico. National Geographic Research 3:142-151.

Harris, A. H. 1989. The New Mexican late Wisconsin—east versus west. National Geographic Research 5:205-217.

Harris, A. H. 1993. Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico. Pp. 179-197, in Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Harris, A. H. 2003. The Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from Pendejo Cave. Pp. 36-65, in Pendejo Cave (R. S. MacNeish and J. G. Libby, eds.), University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 526 pp.

Harris, A. H., and J. Hearst. 2012. Late Wisconsin mammalian fauna from Dust Cave, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Culberson County, Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 57(2):202–206.

Hibbard, Claude W. and Taylor, Dwight W. (1960). Two late Pleistocene faunas from southwestern Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan 16(1): 1-223 pp., 16 pls., 18 figs.

Kottkamp, Scott et al. (2022). Pleistocene vertebrates from Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico. In: Morgan et al. (eds.). Late Cenozoic Vertebrate Paleontology: Tribute to Arthur H. Harris. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 88: 267-290.

Jefferson, G. T. 1991. A catalogue of Late Quaternary vertebrates from California. Part two: Mammals. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Technical Reports 7:1-129.

Mead, J. I., N. J. Czaplewski, and L. D. Agenbroad. 2005. Rancholabrean (Late Pleistocene) mammals and localities of Arizona. Pp. 139-180, in (R. D. McCord, ed.) Vertebrate Paleontology of Arizona, Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin No. 11.

Morgan, G. S. 2003. [Abstract] The extinct free-tailed bat Tadarida constantinei and associated vertebrates from Pleistocene deposits in Slaughter Canyon Cave, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, southeastern New Mexico. New Mexico Geology 25(2):43.

Morgan, G. S., and S. G. Lucas. 2005. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas in New Mexico from alluvial, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits. Pp. 185-248, in New Mexico's Ice Ages (Lucas, S. G., G. S. Morgan, and K. E. Zeigler, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 28:1-280.

Schultz, J. R. 1937. A Late Quaternary mammal fauna from the tar seeps of McKittrick, California. Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, 202 pp + 2 plates.

Slaughter, B. H. 1975. Ecological interpretation of the Brown Sand Wedge local fauna. Pp.179-192, in Late Pleistocene environments of the Southern High Plains (F. Wendorf and J. J. Hester, eds.). Fort Burgwin Research Center Publication, 9:1-290.

Springer, K., E. Scott, C. Sagebiel, and L. K. Murray. 2009. The Diamond Valley Lake local fauna: Late Pleistocene vertebrates from inland southern California. Pp. 217-235, in Papers on geology, vertebrate paleontology, and biostratigraphy in honor of Michael O. Woodburne (L. G. Albright, III, ed.). Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 65, Flagstaff, Arizona.

Stock, C. 1932. A further study of the Quaternary antelopes of Shelter Cave, New Mexico. Los Angeles Museum, Science Series, Paleontology 3:1-45, 3 pls.

Stock, C., and J. M. Harris. 1992. Rancho la Brea: A record of Pleistocene life in California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series no. 37, 7th ed.:i-xiv + 1-113.

Thompson, J. C., and G. S. Morgan. 2001. Late-Pleistocene mammalian fauna and environments of the Sandia Mountains, New Mexico. Current Research in the Pleistocene 18:113-115.

Van Devender, T. R., A. M. Rea, and M. L. Smith. 1985. The Sangamon interglacial vertebrate fauna from Rancho La Brisca, Sonora, México. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 21(2):23-55.

Ware, C. S. and White, Richard S. (2022). Flurosis in bones of Capromeryx furcifer (Artiodactyla:Antilocapridae) from a Late Pleistocene fissure fill in Tequixquiac, México. In: Lucas et al., 2022, Fossil Record 8. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 90: 439-445.

White, R. S., Jr., and G. S. Morgan. 2011. Capromeryx (Artiodactyla:Antilocapridae) from the Rancholabrean Tramperos Creek Fauna, Union County, New Mexico, with a review of the occurrence and paleobiology of Capromeryx in the Rancholabrean of New Mexico. Pp. 641-651 in Fossil Record 3 (R. M. Sullivan, S. G. Lucas, and J. A. Spielmann, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 53:1-736.

White, Richard S. Jr. et al. (2022). Late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) and Early Pliocene (Late Hemphillian) Antilocapridae from the Wright Gravel Pits, Nuences County Texas. In: Morgan et al. (eds.). Pliocene and Pleistocene Vertebrate Paleontology: Tribute to Arthur H. Harris. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 88: 187-212.


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