Candiacervus devosi van der Geer, 2018



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Candiacervus IIb; Candiacervus sp. IIb


"Size 1 is represented by the species C. ropalophorus, and size 2 by the species C. devosi, C. listeri and C. reumeri, each with a distinct antler, skull and tooth morphology. The three species of size 2 together are often referred to as Candiacervus sp. II in the literature. This informal species nomenclature was used in de Vos (1979) and subsequent literature to refer to the three size 2 species combined, which were initially named sp. IIa, IIb and IIc (now respectively C. listeri, C. devosi and C. reumeri). Diagnostic features are limited to the skull, antlers and teeth, while the postcranial material cannot be classified other than to size class, and hence the need for a group name."

(Miszkiewicz & Van Der Geer, 2022)


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Crete, Greece


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

van der Geer, Alexandra A. E. (2018). Uniformity in variety: Antler morphology and evolution in a predator-free environment. Palaeontologia Electronica 21.1.9A: 1-31.


Other references:

Besiou, Eva, Choupa, Maria Nefeli, Lyras, George, and van der Geer, Alexandra. (2022). Body mass divergence in sympatric deer species of Pleistocene Crete (Greece). Palaeontologia Electronica 25(2): a23.

Kolb C, Scheyer TM, Lister AM, Azorit C, De Vos J, Schlingemann MAJ, Rössner GE, Monaghan NT, Sánchez-Villagra MR. (2015). Growth in fossil and extant deer and implications for body size and life history evolution. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 1-15.

Miszkiewicz, Justyna J. and Van Der Geer, Alexandra A. E. (2022). Inferring longevity from advanced rib remodelling in insular dwarf deer. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 136(1): 41-58.

de Vos, J. (1984). The Endemic Pleistocene Deer of Crete. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company.


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