Camelus thomasi Pomel, 1893

Thomas' camel



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene/Holocene



North Africa (& Israel)


Biology & Ecology










Gautier, A. (1966). Camelus thomasi from the Northern Sudan and Its Bearing on the Relationship C. thomasiC. bactrianus. Journal of Paleontology 40(6): 1368-1372. [Abstract]

Grigson, Caroline. (1983). A very large camel from the upper Pleistocene of the Negev desert. Journal of Archaeological Science 10(4): 311-316. [Abstract]

Martini, Pietro. (2019). Camel fossils from the El Kowm Basin, Syria. Diversity and evolution. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Basel.

Martini, Pietro and Geraads, Denis. (2018). Camelus thomasi Pomel, 1893 from the Pleistocene type-locality Tighennif (Algeria). Comparisons with modern Camelus. Geodiversitas 40(5): 115-134.

Mikesell M.W. 1955 Notes on the dispersal of the dromedary. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 11(3), 231-245.

Peters, Joris. (1998). Camelus thomasi Pomel, 1893, a possible ancestor of the one humped camel? Int. J. Mamm. Biol. (Zeitschrift fü Saugetierkunde) 63(6): 372-376.

Ripinsky M. 1985 The Camel in Dynastic Egypt. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 71, 134-141.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12): 3403-3403.

Spassov, N. and Stoytchev, T. (2004). The dromedary domestication problem: 3000 BC rock art evidence for the existence of wild one-humped camel in Central Arabia. Historia Naturalis Bulgarica 16: 151-158.