Bubalus cebuensis Croft, Heaney, Flynn & Bautista, 2006

Cebu tamaraw



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: "likely Pleistocene or Holocene in age" (Croft et al. 2006:1037)



Cebu, Philippines


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: includes "left and right humeri, a left metatarsal, 2 posterior thoracic vertebrae, 2 left lower molars, and a pair of ungual phalanges." (Croft et al. 2006:1037)


PNM 2006-A (left humeri)






Original scientific description:

D. A. Croft, L. R. Heaney, J. J. Flynn and A. P. Bautista. (2006). Fossil remains of a new, diminutive Bubalus (Artiodactyla: Bovidae: Bovini) form Cebu Island, Philippines. Journal of Mammalogy 87(5): 1037-1051. [Abstract]


Other references:

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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