Bison priscus ssp. nov. 'Rauchua River'

Rauchua River bison



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

An unnamed subspecies that is referred to as haplogroup C, which diverged from haplogroup A and B around 326 ky BP (Hou et al., 2022).


Conservation Status


Last record: Early Holocene



China & Russia


Biology & Ecology










Hou, X.; Zhao, J.; Zhang, H.; Preick, M.; Hu, J.; Xiao, B.; Wang, L.; Deng, M.; Liu, S.; Chang, F.; et al. (2022). Paleogenomes Reveal a Complex Evolutionary History of Late Pleistocene Bison in Northeastern China. Genes 13: 1684.

Kirillova, I.V.; Zanina, O.G.; Chernova, O.F.; Lapteva, E.G.; Trofimova, S.S.; Lebedev, V.S.; Tiunov, A.V.; Soares, A.E.R.; Shidlovskiy, F.K.; Shapiro, B. (2015). An ancient bison from the mouth of the Rauchua River (Chukotka, Russia). Quat. Res. 84: 232-245.

Kirillova, I.V.; Zanina, O.G.; Kosintsev, P.A.; Kul’kova, M.A.; Lapteva, E.G.; Trofimova, S.S.; Chernova, O.F.; Shidlovsky, F.K. (2013). The first finding of a frozen Holocene bison (Bison priscus Bojanus, 1827) carcass in Chukotka. Dokl. Biol. Sci. 452: 296-299.

Vershinina, A. O. et al. (2019). Ancient DNA analysis of a Holocene bison from the Rauchua River, northwestern Chukotka, and the existence of a deeply divergent mitochondrial clade. ЗООЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЖУРНАЛ 98(10): 1091-1099. [Abstract]


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