Bison occidentalis Lucas, 1898

Western bison

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Stelabison occidentalis Lucas, 1898; Bison antiquus occidentalis Lucas, 1898; Bison bison occidentalis Lucas, 1898; Bison priscus occidentalis Lucas, 1898

 

Rogers & Martin (1984) suggested that Bison occidentalis was a junior synonym of B. antiquus.

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

Last record: Holocene

 

Distribution

North America

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Adair, M. J. (ed.). (1989). Archaeological investigations at the North Cove Site, Harlan County Lake, Harlan County, Nebraska. Kaw Valley Engineering and Development, Inc., Junction City, KS, vi + 1-106.

Adair, M. J., and Brown, K. L. (eds.). (1987). Prehistoric and historic cultural resources of selected sites at Harlan County Lake, Harlan County, Nebraska: test excavations and determination of significance for 28 sites. Kaw Valley Engineering and Development, Inc., Junction City, KS, xiii + 594 pp.

Apland, Brian and Harrington, Charles R. (1994). Pleistocene bison skeleton (Bison bison cf. occidentalis) from Clayhurst Crossing, British Columbia. Géographie physique et Quaternaire 48(2): 213-233. [Abstract]

Bayrock, L. A. (1966). Bison in Alberta. Archaeological Society of Alberta Newsletter 8(Spring): 1-4.

Boeskorov, Gennady G. et al. (In Press, 2016). The Yukagir Bison: The exterior morphology of a complete frozen mummy of the extinct steppe bison, Bison priscus from the early Holocene of northern Yakutia, Russia. Quaternary International. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.11.084 [Abstract]

Hall, Stephen Austin. (1972). Holocene Bison occidentalis from Iowa. Journal of Mammalogy 53 (3): 604-606. [Abstract]

Hay, Oliver P. (1923). Description of remains of Bison occidentalis from central Minnesota. Proceedings of the U. S. National Museum 2473: 1-8, 2 pls.

R. A. Rogers and L. D. Martin. (1984). The 12 Mile Creek Site: a reinvestigation. American Antiquity 49(4): 757-764.

Trylich, C. and Bayrock, L. A. (1966). Bison occidentalis Lucas found at Taber, Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 3(7): 987-995. [Abstract]

Michael C. Wilson, Leonard V. Hills, Beth Shapiro. (2008). Late Pleistocene northward-dispersing Bison antiquus from the Bighill Creek Formation, Gallelli Gravel Pit, Alberta, Canada, and the fate of Bison occidentalis. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 45(7): 827-859. [Abstract]

Skinner, Morris F. and Kaisen Ove C. (1947). The fossil bison of Alaska and preliminary revision of the genus. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 89(3): 123-256, text figures 1-5, plates 8-26, tables 1-25, maps 1-3.

 

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