Bison bison pennsylvanicus Shoemaker, 1915

Pennsylvanian bison, Eastern woodland bison, Eastern bison



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Bos bison pennsylvanicus Shoemaker, 1915


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym)

Last record: 1825 (Goodwin & Goodwin, 1973)



Pennsylvania, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Shoemaker, H. W. (1915). A Pennsylvania Bison Hunt. Middleburg Post Press.

Other references:

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Skinner, Morris F. and Kaisen Ove C. (1947). The fossil bison of Alaska and preliminary revision of the genus. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 89(3): 123-256, text figures 1-5, plates 8-26, tables 1-25, maps 1-3.


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