Antidorcas australis Hendey & Hendey, 1968

Southern springbok



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Antidorcas marsupialis australis Hendey & Hendey, 1968


Conservation Status


Last record: c. 5,000 BC



Cape Province, South Africa


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hendey, Q. B. and Hendey, H. (1968). New Quaternary fossil sites near Swartklip, Cape Province. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 52: 43-73.


Other references:

Cain J.W., Krausman P.R., Germaine H.L. (2004). Antidorcas marsupialis. Mammalian Species, 1-7.

Faith J.T. 2011 Ungulate community richness, grazer extinctions, and human subsistence behavior in southern Africa's Cape Floral Region. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 306(3–4), 219-227.

Faith, J. Tyler. (2014). Late Pleistocene and Holocene mammal extinctions on continental Africa. Earth-Science Reviews 128: 105-121.

Feathers, J. K. and Bush, D. A. (2000). Luminescence dating of Middle Stone Age deposits at Die Kelders. J. Hum. Evol. 38: 91-118.

Hendey, Q. B. (1974). The late Cenozoic carnivora of the south-western Cape Province. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 63: 1-369.

Klein, R. G. (1980). Environmental and ecological implications of large mammals from Upper Pleistocene and Holocene sites in southern Africa. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 81: 223-283.

Klein, R. G. (1983). Palaeoenvironmental implications of Quaternary large mammals in the fynbos region. In: Deacon, H.J., Hendey, Q.B., Lambrechts, J.J.N. (Eds.), Fynbos Palaeoecology: A Preliminary Synthesis, South African National Scientific Programmes Report No 75. Mills Litho, Cape Town, pp. 116-138.

Klein, R. G., Avery, G., Cruz-Uribe, K., Steele, T. E. (2007). The mammalian fauna associated with an archaic hominin skullcap and later Acheulean artifacts at Elandsfontein, Western Cape Providence, South Africa. J. Hum. Evol. 62: 164-186.

Klein, R. G. and Cruz-Uribe, K. (2000). Middle and Later Stone Age large mammal and tortoise remains from Die Kelders Cave 1, Western Cape Province, South Africa. J. Hum. Evol. 38: 169-195.

Schwarcz, H. P. and Rink, W. J. (2000). ESR dating of the Die Kelders 1 site, South Africa. J. Hum. Evol. 38: 121-128.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Vrba, E. S. (1973). Two species of Antidorcas Sundevall at Swartkrans (Mammalia: Bovidae). Ann. Transv. Mus. 28: 287-352.

Vrba, E. S. (1976). The fossil Bovidae of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans and Kromdraai. Transvaal Museum Memoir No. 21.Transvaal Museum, Pretoria.


<< Back to the Cetartiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates) database