Alces alces caucasicus Vereshchagin, 1955

Caucasian elk, Caucasian moose



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Possibly an invalid subspecies. Sometimes stated to be extant (Sipko and Kholodova, 2009).


Conservation Status


Last record: 1810 or later

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


There is much uncertainty as to when this subspecies went extinct. Different sources variously quote early 19th century, mid 19th century or early 20th century.



Caucasus region, Europe


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Vereshchagin, N. (1955). L’elan du Caucase (Alces alces caucasicus n. ssp.) et matériaux pour l’historie des élans dans le Caucase. Zoologische Zhurnal 34(2): 460–463 (in Russian).


Other references:

Danilkin, A. A. (1999). The Deer (Cervidae), Mammals of Russia and Adjacent Regions. Moscow, Russia. (In Russian).

Henttonen, H., Stubbe, M., Maran, T. & Tikhonov A. (2008). Alces alces. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 23 October 2011.

Sipko, Taras P. and Kholodova, Marina V. (2009). Fragmentation of Eurasian moose populations during periods of population depression. Alces 45: 25-34.

Vereshchagin, Nikolai Kuzmich. (1967). The Mammals of the Caucasus: A History of the Evolution of the Fauna. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem. 816 pp. (Translation by Vereshchagin N. K. 1959. Mlekopitayushchie Kavkaza: Istoriya formirovaniya fauny. Moscow-Leningrad. pp. 3-703).


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