Alcelaphus buselaphus tora Gray, 1873

Tora hartebeest



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Alcelaphus tora (Gray, 1873)


Conservation Status


Last record: "Possibly extinct 2010" (Gippoliti et al. 2018)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Sudan and Ethiopia


Biology & Ecology










Butynski, T. (1995). Eritrea. Gnusletter 1: 11.

East, Rod (1999). African Antelope Database 1998. Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 21. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 434pp.

Gippoliti, Spartaco. (2018). An extinct - and overlooked - species in the hall: Alcelaphus tora in Italian Museums. Preprint. doi:

Gippoliti, S., Amori, G., Castiglia, R., Colangelo, P. & Capanna, E. (2014). The relevance of Italian museums for research and conservation: the case of mammals. Rendiconti Lincei Scienze Fisiche e Naturali 25: 351-357.

Gippoliti, Spartaco, Cotterill, Fenton P. D., Zinner, Dietmar and Groves, Colin P. (2018). Impacts of taxonomic inertia for the conservation of African ungulate diversity: an overview. Biological Reviews 93(1): 115-130.

Gippoliti S, Cotterill FPD, Groves CP, Zinner D. (2018a). Poor taxonomy and genetic rescue are possible co-agents of silent extinction and biogeographic homogenization among ungulate mammals. Biogeographia—The Journal of Integrative Biogeography 33: 41-54.

Gippoliti S., Hagos F., Angelici F.M. (2018b). Eritrean ungulates in Italian museums as benchmark for taxonomy and conservation planning. Hystrix It J Mamm. Suppl. 2018: 30.

Hashim IM (1996): Sudan. IUCN-ASG Antelope Survey Update, Dez 1996/3: 34-41.

Hashim IM (1998): Sudan - Status, Abundance and Distribution of Four Endangered Wildlife Species in Eastern Sudan. Gnusletter, 17(2): 12-16.

Heckel, J. O., Wilhelmi, F., Kaariye,H.Y.&Gebeyehu,G.(2008). PreliminaryStatus Assessment Survey of the Critically Endangered Tora hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus tora) and Further Wild Ungulates in North-western Ethiopia. IUCN/SSC Antelope SpecialistGroup Gland, Switzerland.

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Mallon, D. (2015). Eritrea Reconnaissance. Gnusletter 32(2): 14-17.


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