Pritchardia pacifica Seem. & H.Wendl. (1862:197)

Piu (Niue, Futuna, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, ʻUvea), Niu pui (Samoa), Niu sakiki (Fiji), Viu (Fiji), Fiji fan palm



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Washingtonia pacifica (Seem. & H.Wendl.) Kuntze in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 737 (1891); Eupritchardia pacifica (Seem. & H.Wendl.) Kuntze in Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 323 (1898); Styloma pacifica (Seem. & H.Wendl.) O.F.Cook in J. Washington Acad. Sci. 5: 241 (1915); Pritchardia pacifica var. samoensis Becc. in Webbia 4: 206 (1913); Pritchardia pacifica var. marquisensis F.Br. in Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 84: 118 (1931)


Conservation Status

Possibly Extinct in the Wild (Prebble & Dowe, 2008; Butaud & Hodel, 2017:151; Palmpedia)



ʻEua & Vavaʻu, Tonga


Biology & Ecology










Beccari, Odoardo and Rock, Joseph Francis. (1921). A Monographic Study of the Genus Pritchardia. Memoirs of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum 8(1): 3-77, xxiv pls.

Butaud, Jean-François and Hodel, Donald R. (2017). A new species of Pritchardia from the Marquesas Islands with notes on the genus in French Polynesia. Palms 61(3): 139-154.

Dennis, G. and McQueen, C. (1989). Palms in the Solomon Islands, pp. 9-45. In: Dowe, John L. (ed.). Palms of the Solomon Islands. Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia, Queensland, Australia. [reports this species (as P. wood(ordiana) from the Nggela Islands, Solomon Islands]

Dowe, John L. and Cabalion, P. (1996). A taxonomic account of Arecaceae in Vanuatu, with descriptions of three new species. Australian Systematic Botany 9: 1-60.

Drake Del Castillo, E. (1886-1892). Illustrationes Florae Insularum Maris Pacifici. G. Masson, Paris.

Drake Del Castillo, E. (1893). Flore de la Polynésie Française. Description des Plantes Vasculaires qui Croissent Spontanément ou qui sont Généralement Cultivées aux Îles de la Société, Marquise, Pomotou, Gambier et Wallis. G. Masson, Paris.

Govaerts, R. and Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Hodel, D. R. (2007). A review of the genus Pritchardia. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 51(Suppl.): 1-53.

Lister, 1893

Nelson Sutherland, C. H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Plunkett, G. M., Ranker, T. A., Sam, C. and Balick, M. J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.

Prebble, Matthew and Dowe, John L. (2008). The late Quaternary decline and extinction of palms on Pacific islands. Quaternary Science Reviews 27(27-28): 2546-2567.

Seemann, B. (1865-73). Flora Vitiensis: A Description of the Plants of the Viti or Fiji Islands, with an Account of their History, Uses, and Properties. L. Reeve & Co. London.

Sykes, W. R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.

Watling, D. (2005). Palms of the Fiji Islands: 1-191. Environmental Consultants (Fiji) Ltd., Suva.

Whistler, W. A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.


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