Hyophorbe amaricaulis Mart. (1849:309)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Hyospathe amaricaulis (Mart.) Hook.f. in Rep. Progr. Condition Roy. Gard. Kew 1882: 59 (1884); Sublimia aevidaps Comm. ex Mart. in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 176 (1838), not validly publ.; Sublimia amaricaulis Comm. ex Mart. in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 309 (1849), not validly publ.; Areca speciosa Verschaff. in Nursery Cat. (Ambroise Verschaffelt) 69: 4 (1861)


Conservation Status

Extinct in the Wild (POWO, 2024)



Mauritius, Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology










Bachraz, V. (TPTNC) and Strahm, W. (2000). Hyophorbe amaricaulis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2000: e.T38578A10125958. Accessed on 12 February 2024.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). (1996). 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bosser, J., Cadet, Th., Julien, H. R. and Marais, W. (1984). Flore des Mascareignes, 189 Palmiers. The Sugar Industry Research Institute, Mauritius, ORSTOM, Paris and RBG, Kew.

Christenhusz, M. and Govaerts, R. (2023). Uitgestorven. Op plantenjacht rond de wereld: 1-511. Sterck & De Vreese.

Douglas, G. C. (1987). Embryo Culture of a Rare Plant, Hyophorbe amaricaulis Martius (Palmae). Journal of Plant Physiology 130(1): 73-77.

Govaerts, R. and Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Hilton-Taylor, C. (2000). 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Holmes, Branden. (2021). What's Lost and What Remains: The Sixth Extinction in 100 Accounts (eBook). Self published.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Jackson, P. S. Wyse, Cronk, Q. C. B. and Parnell, J. A. N. (1990). Notes on a critically endangered palm from Mauritius, Hyophorbe amaricaulis Mart. Botanic Gardens Conservation News 1(6): 24-26.

Kyburz, Rolf. (1998). Hyophorbe amaricaulis in Cuba? Pircipes 42(1): 9-10.

POWO. (2024). Hyophorbe amaricaulis Mart. Plants of the World Online (online resource). Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. Available at: [Accessed 12 February 2024]

W.C.M.C. (1996). Threatened plant database of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. W.C.M.C., Cambridge, U.K.


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