Carpoxylon macrospermum H.Wendl. & Drude (1875:177)

Carpoxylon palm



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1850's (Dowe et al., 2016:31); 1859

Rediscovered in 1987 (Dowe, 1989)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Aneityum (=Anatom), Vanuatu


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Wendland, H. and Drude, O. (1875). Palmae Australasicae. Linnaea 39: 153-238.


Other references:

Devoe, N. N. (1994). A preliminary update on the status of Carpoxylon macrospermum: an endangered palm from Vanuatu. Palms and Cycads 43: 12-17.

Dowe, John Leslie. (1988). The rediscovery of Carpoxylon macrospermum. Palms and Cycads 18: 6-9.

Dowe, John Leslie. (1989). The unexpected rediscovery of Carpoxylon macrospermum. Principes 33(2): 63-67.

Dowe, John Leslie. (1996). Uses of some indigenous Vanuatu palms. Principes 40: 93-102.

Dowe, John Leslie. (1998). Carpoxylon macrospermum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 30 September 2013.

Dowe, John Leslie, Benzie, J. and Ballment, E. (1997). Ecology and genetics of Carpoxylon macrospermum H. Wendl. & Drude (Arecaceae), an endangered palm from Vanuatu. Biological Conservation 79: 205-216.

Dowe, John Leslie, Lovatt, Rosemary and Snajder, Nadia. (2016). Flowering of Carpoxylon macrospermum, a Critically Endangered Palm, in the Townsville Palmetum, Australia. Palms 60(1): 29-37.

Dowe, John Leslie and Uhl, N. W. (1989). Carpoxylon macrospermum. Principes 33: 68-73.

Dumas, Marc and Pintaud, J.-C. (1999). Ecology and propagation of some rare pacific palms. 2nd Int. Symp. on Ornamental and Other Monocots from the Tropics, 115-122. Acta Horticultura ISHS.

Fry, K., Siwatibau, S. and Clarkin, C. (1997). Conservation of a rare palm species through enterprise developments, pp. 87-95. In: Miller, S. and Sim, J. (eds.). Sixth South Pacific Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas, Volume 3. Conference Papers. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Apia, Samoa.

Fry, K., Siwatibau, S. and Clarkin, C. (1998). Saving an endangered palm: the case of Carpoxylon. Chamerops 30, Spring 1998 [published online].

Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Govaerts, R. and Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Hodel, D. R. (1982). In search of Carpoxylon. Principes 26: 34-41.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). (1998). The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Plunkett, G. M., Ranker, T. A., Sam, C. and Balick, M. J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.

WCSP. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet;

Zona, S. (1995). Carpoxylon in the Natural History Museum London. Principes 39: 75, 76.


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