Ilex ternatiflora (C. Wright) R.A. Howard



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Quiina ternatiflora


Now considered a synonym of Cassine xylocarpa (Humphreys et al., 2019), though they (Ibid.) consider the subjective synonym Quiina ternatiflora of I. ternatiflora to be a synonym of Cassine attenuata.


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym)

Last record: mid-1800's?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Las Pozas, Pinar del Río Province, Cuba


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Howard, Richard A. (1986). Notes on Quiina (Quiinaceae) and Ilex species (Aquifoliaceae) in Cuba. Brittonia volume 38: 13-16. [Abstract]


Other references:

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1997. A listing of threatened Cuban trees prepared for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Trees project.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1998. Ilex ternatiflora. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T33660A9801330. Downloaded on 18 November 2016.

Borhidi, A. 1992. Letter to Hugh Synge concerning conservation status of Cuban plants. Includes annotations to 27 Aug 1991 TPU printout for Cuba.

Humphreys, Aelys M. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

POWO. 2018. Plants of the World online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Synge, H. 1992. Information collected for Biodiversity Status Report.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

W.C.M.C. (1996). Threatened plant database of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. W.C.M.C., Cambridge, U.K.


<< Back to the Aquifoliales database