Ilex gardneriana Wight

Nilgiri holly



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1859

Rediscovered (Das & Mukherjee, 2017)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Sispara Ghat, Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nade, India


Biology & Ecology










Albani Rocchetti, G., Carta, A., Mondoni, A. et al. (2022). Selecting the best candidates for resurrecting extinct-in-the-wild plants from herbaria. Nature Plants 8: 1385-1393. [Supplementary Tables S1-S6]

Das, M. and Mukherjee, A. (2017). A census of Aquifoliaceae (Bartl.) in South India. Indian J.L.Sci. 6(1): 61-67.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Nayar, M.P. and Sastry, A.R.K. (eds) 1990. Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Vol. 3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Oldfield, S. 2020. Ilex gardneriana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T31176A142009704. Downloaded on 20 March 2021.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Ramesh, B.R. and Pascal, J.-P. 1997. Atlas of endemics of the Western Ghats (India). Distribution of tree species in the evergreen and semi-evergreen forests. Institut Français de Pondichéry.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1998. Ilex gardneriana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T31176A9611026. Downloaded on 18 November 2016.


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