Sephanoides fernandensis leyboldi Gould, 1870:406

Alejandro Selkirk firecrown, Leybold's fire-crown



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Sephanoides leyboldi Gould, 1870:406


Considered an invalid subspecies by (Johow, 2007).


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym)

Last record: 1908

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Alejandro Selkirk Island (=Isla Alejandro Selkirk = Isla Masafuera), Chile












Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1870). On a supposed new Species of Humming-bird from the Juan Fernandez group of Islands. Annals & Magazine of Natural History 6: 406.


Other references:

Benstead, P., Bird, J., Butchart, S., Capper, D. and Symes, A. (2011). Species Factsheet: Sephanoides fernandensis. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International. (2012). Sephanoides fernandensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 19 August 2013.

Colwell, R. K. (1989). Hummingbirds of the Juan Fernandez Islands: natural history, evolution and population status. Ibis 131: 548-566.

Johow, F. (1896). Estudios sobre la fl ora de las Islas de Juan Fernandez. Imprenta Cervantes, Santiago de Chile. 287 pp. [Johow did not record this species during his investigation of the island's avifauna]

Johow, Federico. (2003). The enigma of the Juan Fernandez Firecrown from Isla Masafuera. Proceedings of the seventh Neotropical Ornithologists' Congress 7: 126.

Johow, Federico. (2007). El picaflor de la Isla de Masafuera: ¿subspecie extinta, nunca existió o mistery bird? / The Hummingbird of the Masafuera Island: extinct subspecies, never existed or Mystery Bird? Boletín Chileno de Ornitología 13: 28-41. [in Spanish]

Schuchmann, K. L. (1999). Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 5: Barn-owls to Hummingbirds. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.


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