Chlorostilbon bracei Lawrence, 1877

Brace's emerald



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: July 1877

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Known only from the holotype collected on New Providence Island in 1877 (Graves & Olson, 1987).



New Providence Island, Bahamas


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Lawrence, G.N. (1877). Descriptions of new species of  birds of the families Trochilidae and Tetraonidae. Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 1: 50-52.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2016). Chlorostilbon bracei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22687333A93148138. Accessed on 18 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Graves, Gary R., and, Olson, Storrs L. (1987). Chlorostilbon bracei Lawrence, an extinct species of hummingbird from New Providence Island, Bahamas. The Auk 104: 296-302.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Olson, Storrs L. and Hilgartner, W. B. (1982). Fossil and subfossil birds from the Bahamas. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 48: 22-56.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp. 


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