Taudactylus rheophilus Liem and Hosmer, 1973:450

Northern tinker frog, Northern timber frog, Mountain day frog, Blunt-nosed torrent frog, Tinkling frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Missing or extinct (Low & Booth, 2023)

Last record: November 1996 (Marshall, 1996); 2000 (IUCN SSC ASG, 2022)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)


Thought extinct for a second time, after the last record was in October 1991 before rediscovery in 1996 (November?).



Queensland (northern), Australia


Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: amphibious, nocturnal, closed forest, (tall forest), lotic freshwater, predator, oviparous, free-living tadpole, arthropod-feeder, torrent dweller."

(Cogger et al., 1983:32)



Holotype: QM J22418 (Cogger et al., 1983:32)



Two photos of living individuals can be seen in (Low & Booth, 2023:5, 30)



Original scientific description:

Liem, D. S. and W. Hosmer. (1973). Frogs of the genus Taudactylus with descriptions of two new species (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Mem. Qd Mus. 16: 435-457.


Other references:

Cogger, Harold G., Cameron, Elizabeth E. and Cogger, Heather M. (1983). Myobatrachidae, pp. 12-34. In: Zoological Catalogue of Australia. I. Amphibia and Reptilia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. vi + 313 pp. [p. 31-32]

Curtis, Lee K., Dennis, Andrew J., McDonald, Keith R., Kyne, Peter M. and Debus, Stephen J. S. (eds.). Queensland's Threatened Animals. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing. xv + 449 pp.

Cutajar, Timothy P., Portway, Christopher D., Gillard, Grace L. and Rowley, Jodi J. L. (2022). Australian Frog Atlas: Species’ Distribution Maps Informed by the FrogID Dataset. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum Online 36: 1-48.

Czechura, G. V. (1986). Kroombit Tops Torrent Frog Taudactylus pleione with a key to the species of Taudactylus. Queensland Naturalist 27: 68-71.

Freeman, A. (2000). Records of Taudactylus rheophilus on Mount Bellenden Ker. Frog Research, Monitoring and Management Group, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service.

Freeman, A. (2003). An observation of calling northern tinker frogs on Mount Bellenden Ker. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 2003: 295-298.

Garnett, Stephen T., Hayward-Brown, Brittany K. et al. (2022). Australia's most imperilled vertebrates. Biological Conservation 270: 109561.

Geyle, Hayley M. et al. (2022). Red hot frogs: identifying the Australian frogs most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology.

Gillespie, G. R., Roberts, J. D., Hunter, D., Hoskin, C. J., Alford, R. A., Heard, G. W., Hines, H., Lemckert, F., Newell, D., & Scheele, B. C. (2020). Status and priority conservation actions for Australian frog species. Biological Conservation 247: 108543.

Jean-Marc Hero, Ross Alford, Keith McDonald, Michael Cunningham, Richard Retallick. (2004). Taudactylus rheophilus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 10 February 2013.

Ingram, G. (1980). A new frog of the genus Taudactylus (Myobatrachidae) from mid-eastern Queenlsand with notes on the other species of the genus. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 20: 111-119.

Low, Tim and Booth, Carol. (2023). GONE: Australian animals extinct since the 1960s. Invasive Species Council Inc.

Marshall, C.J. (1998). The reappearance of Taudactylus (Anura: Myobatrachidae) in north Queensland streams. Pacific Conservation Biology 4(1): 39-41. [Abstract]

McDonald, K. R. (1992). Distribution patterns and conservation status of north Queensland rainforest frogs. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Conservation Technical Report 1: 51pp.

Northern Queensland Threatened Frogs Recovery Team. (2001). Recovery plan for the stream-dwelling rainforest frogs of the Wet Tropics biogeographic region of north-east Queensland 2000–2004. Report to Environment Australia, Canberra. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.

Richards, Stephen J., McDonald, Keith R. and Alford, Ross A. (1993). Declines in populations of Australia's endemic tropical rainforest frogs. Pacific Conservation Biology 1(1): 66-77. [Abstract]

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Threatened Species Scientific Committee. (2017). Conservation Advice Taudactylus rheophilus tinkling frog. Australian Government.

Tyler, M. J. (1997). The Action Plan for Australian Frogs. Wildlife Australia, Canberra.


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